Silicon Micro- and Nanofabrication for Medicine

Daniel Fine, Alessandro Grattoni, Randy Goodall, Shyam S. Bansal, Ciro Chiappini, Sharath Hosali, Anne L. van de Ven, Srimeenkashi Srinivasan, Xuewu Liu, Biana Godin, Louis Brousseau, Iman K. Yazdi, Joseph Fernandez-Moure, Ennio Tasciotti, Hung Jen Wu, Ye Hu, Steve Klemm, Mauro Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

This manuscript constitutes a review of several innovative biomedical technologies fabricated using the precision and accuracy of silicon micro- and nanofabrication. The technologies to be reviewed are subcutaneous nanochannel drug delivery implants for the continuous tunable zero-order release of therapeutics, multi-stage logic embedded vectors for the targeted systemic distribution of both therapeutic and imaging contrast agents, silicon and porous silicon nanowires for investigating cellular interactions and processes as well as for molecular and drug delivery applications, porous silicon (pSi) as inclusions into biocomposites for tissue engineering, especially as it applies to bone repair and regrowth, and porous silica chips for proteomic profiling. In the case of the biocomposites, the specifically designed pSi inclusions not only add to the structural robustness, but can also promote tissue and bone regrowth, fight infection, and reduce pain by releasing stimulating factors and other therapeutic agents stored within their porous network. The common material thread throughout all of these constructs, silicon and its associated dielectrics (silicon dioxide, silicon nitride, etc.), can be precisely and accurately machined using the same scalable micro- and nanofabrication protocols that are ubiquitous within the semiconductor industry. These techniques lend themselves to the high throughput production of exquisitely defined and monodispersed nanoscale features that should eliminate architectural randomness as a source of experimental variation thereby potentially leading to more rapid clinical translation. The precision of silicon micro- and nanofabrication is used to create a range of innovative biomedical technologies. This review covers several of these technologies, including nanochannel implants, embedded vectors, nanowires, biocomposite porous silicon(pSi), and porous silica chips. The materials, silicon and its dielectrics, are produced using the high-throughput techniques ubiquitous within the semiconductor industry, with defined nanoscale features that could lead to rapid clinical translation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)632-666
Number of pages35
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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  • Cite this

    Fine, D., Grattoni, A., Goodall, R., Bansal, S. S., Chiappini, C., Hosali, S., van de Ven, A. L., Srinivasan, S., Liu, X., Godin, B., Brousseau, L., Yazdi, I. K., Fernandez-Moure, J., Tasciotti, E., Wu, H. J., Hu, Y., Klemm, S., & Ferrari, M. (2013). Silicon Micro- and Nanofabrication for Medicine. Advanced Healthcare Materials, 2(5), 632-666. https://doi.org/10.1002/adhm.201200214