22 Scopus citations


A dedicated ultra-high-vacuum 100 kV scanning transmission electron microscope has been used to characterize the electron-beam-induced damage which occurs on the surfaces of rutile crystals as a result of extensive electron irradiation. Biased secondary electron images from the entrance and exit surfaces indicate that the latter surface is damaged at a substantially greater rate than the former. It is concluded that knock-on collisions play an important role in the observed exit surface sputtering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
JournalSurface Science
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Nov 1 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Observation of exit surface sputtering in TiO<sub>2</sub> using biased secondary electron imaging'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this