Women's participation in the labor force

The role of social networks

Jennifer A. Stoloff, Jennifer L. Glanville, Elisa Bienenstock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Network research about employment outcomes has rarely focused on women. In this paper, we use the Los Angeles Survey of Urban Inequality (LASUI) to examine the role of social networks on the constraints and opportunities which women face in labor force participation. We examine the effects of a woman's general network structure on her employment status, rather than focusing on the characteristics of the specific network tie that connected her to a job. Using an innovative, yet simple, measure to capture network diversity, we test network explanations of why women are in the paid labor force, controlling for background, structural, and family composition variables. In general, we find that the greater the quality and diversity of the social resources that are available through a woman's social network, the more likely she is to be working for pay. We also find evidence that suggests disadvantaged women with children must also rely on their social support networks for childcare to enter the labor market. In addition, we explore the connection between the methods successful job searchers used to find work and the overall structure of their networks through descriptive statistics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-108
Number of pages18
JournalSocial Networks
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

labor force
Social Support
social network
participation
employment research
Los Angeles
Vulnerable Populations
labor force participation
descriptive statistics
social support
labor market
Research
resources
evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Women's participation in the labor force : The role of social networks. / Stoloff, Jennifer A.; Glanville, Jennifer L.; Bienenstock, Elisa.

In: Social Networks, Vol. 21, No. 1, 01.01.1999, p. 91-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stoloff, Jennifer A. ; Glanville, Jennifer L. ; Bienenstock, Elisa. / Women's participation in the labor force : The role of social networks. In: Social Networks. 1999 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 91-108.
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