WNT and cyclooxygenase-2 cross-talk accelerates adenoma growth

Dingzhi Wang, Jason R. Mann, Raymond N. DuBois

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both Wnt and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 pathways are activated in most sporadic and familial colorectal cancers, especially in those with chromosomal instability. We have recently shown that a common target of both signaling pathways, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-δ, is involved in intestinal adenoma growth. Activation of this receptor by synthetic agonist (GW501516) or COX-2-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE 2) accelerates intestinal adenoma growth in ApcMin mice. Moreover, these effects are lost in ApcMin mice lacking PPARδ. These findings implicate PPARδ as a focal point of cross-talk between the Wnt and prostaglandin signaling pathways. Based on this work it looks as if PPARδ agonists currently in development for treatment of dyslipidemias and obesity may increase the risk of tumor formation in humans. By contrast, antagonists of PPARδ may provide a novel approach for prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1512-1515
Number of pages4
JournalCell Cycle
Volume3
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Adenomatous polyposis coli
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Cyclooxygenase-2
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ
  • Prostaglandin E2
  • β-catenin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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