VIOLENT OFFENDING AND VICTIMIZATION IN ADOLESCENCE

SOCIAL NETWORK MECHANISMS AND HOMOPHILY*

Jillian J. Turanovic, Jacob Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although violent offending and victimization share many features, they can affect adolescent social relationships in distinct ways. To understand these differences, we take a network approach to examine the mechanisms responsible for similarities (i.e., homophily) in violent offending and violent victimization among friends. Our goal is to determine whether the social network mechanisms that produce homophily for violent offending are similar to or different from those that produce homophily for violent victimization. By using stochastic actor-oriented modeling and two waves of friendship network data for 1,948 respondents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we examine homophily mechanisms of preference for similarity, avoidance, and influence with respect to youth violence and victimization. The results demonstrate that homophily observed for violent offending primarily reflects selection of similar others, whereas homophily observed for victimization reflects the tendency among alters to avoid victimized youth. These findings have important implications for future research and suggest that, among adolescents, violent offending and victimization homophily are the result of unique social processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-519
Number of pages33
JournalCriminology
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

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Crime Victims
Social Support
victimization
adolescence
social network
adolescent
data network
social process
Violence
friendship
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
violence
Health
health

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • homophily
  • social networks
  • victimization
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

VIOLENT OFFENDING AND VICTIMIZATION IN ADOLESCENCE : SOCIAL NETWORK MECHANISMS AND HOMOPHILY*. / Turanovic, Jillian J.; Young, Jacob.

In: Criminology, Vol. 54, No. 3, 01.08.2016, p. 487-519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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