Verbal and visual instruction in motor skill acquisition for persons with and without down syndrome

Brian K.V. Maraj, Li Li, Rebecca Hillman, Jennifer J. Jeansonne, Shannon D. Ringenbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined motor learning in persons with Down syndrome (DS), persons with undifferentiated developmental disabilities (UnDD), and persons without disabilities (ND). Participants were instructed (either by verbal instruction or visual demonstration) to move a cursor to three items displayed on a computer screen. Results indicated that the ND group had superior performances to the other two groups for both instruction conditions. Participants with DS performed the task with both longer response and movement times when instructed verbally. In a transfer condition, results revealed the UnDD group displayed poor transfer, while participants with DS showed positive transfer from visual to verbal protocols. These results provide some evidence that persons with DS may be able to consolidate visual information to facilitate verbal-motor learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-69
Number of pages13
JournalAdapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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