Using the GAD-7 and GAD-2 generalized anxiety disorder screeners with student-athletes: Empirical and clinical perspectives

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With the aim of supporting anxiety screening of student-athletes, this study examined the psychometric performance of the GAD- 7 and GAD-2 for assessing anxiety and other clinical mental health concerns (depression, past-year and recent suicidality) in student-athletes. Data from intercollegiate varsity athletes (N = 7,584) were drawn from the Healthy Minds Study. Reliability estimates were good in the sample. Area under the curve values were excellent for anxiety and fair to good for depression and suicidality. Across all clinical indicators, a cutoff of 6 (GAD-7) and 2 (GAD-2), respectively, yielded the most balanced sensitivity and specificity rates. Both measures positively correlated with functional impairment, academic impact, and perceived mental health and negatively correlated with positive mental health. Overall, results supported the reliability, accuracy, and construct validity of the GAD-7 and GAD-2 in a national student-athlete sample. Discussion focuses on clinical implications and practical usage of the GAD-7 and GAD-2 with student-athletes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-309
Number of pages10
JournalSport Psychologist
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Clinical evaluation
  • Health
  • Health care
  • Health promotion
  • Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Using the GAD-7 and GAD-2 generalized anxiety disorder screeners with student-athletes: Empirical and clinical perspectives'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this