Using nano-carbon templates to control polymer matrix micro-structure formation and properties in the composite

M. L. Minus, Kenan Song, Y. Zhang, J. Meng, E. C. Green

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For nano-materials (in particular nano-carbons) one of the most attractive uses has been to fabricate polymer-based composites that are lightweight, but exhibit high-strength and high-modulus. While impressive properties for such composites have been found to date, one major drawback for commercial usage has been the high cost of nano-carbons. Some potential solutions to this issue have included, (i) improving the production methods to increase batch sizes/quality to drive down materials cost, as well as (ii) looking at alternative nano-carbons such as graphitic nano-platelets, which can be derived from cheaper carbon sources (i.e. graphite) as fillers. An alternative route to achieve nano-carbon polymer-based composites that are low-cost, lightweight, high-modulus, and high-strength, is to use the nano-fillers as templates to modify the thermoplastic micro-structures. It is well known that polymers can exhibit high-modulus (>100 GPa) and high-strength (>10 GPa) if the structure can be controlled. The work outlined in this talk shows that by using low volume percents of nano-carbons (i.e. less the 1 vol%) in the polymer, the micro-structure of the matrix can be modified around the nano-carbon to influence its intrinsic properties. It has been demonstrated that the modified-polymer properties are significantly higher than the bulk-polymer component. This method provides insight toward processing routes which can lead to structural control in the composite. This technology may enable the production of high-performance polymer-based composites which utilize low volumes of nano-carbons that are low-cost, and thereby attractive at the commercial scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Plastics Engineers - 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013
PublisherSociety of Plastics Engineers
Pages792-798
Number of pages7
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9781510808409
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013 - Novi, United States
Duration: Sep 11 2013Sep 13 2013

Other

Other13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013
CountryUnited States
CityNovi
Period9/11/139/13/13

Fingerprint

Polymer matrix
Carbon
Polymers
Microstructure
Composite materials
Fillers
Costs
Graphite
Platelets
Thermoplastics
Processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Automotive Engineering

Cite this

Minus, M. L., Song, K., Zhang, Y., Meng, J., & Green, E. C. (2013). Using nano-carbon templates to control polymer matrix micro-structure formation and properties in the composite. In Society of Plastics Engineers - 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013 (Vol. 2, pp. 792-798). Society of Plastics Engineers.

Using nano-carbon templates to control polymer matrix micro-structure formation and properties in the composite. / Minus, M. L.; Song, Kenan; Zhang, Y.; Meng, J.; Green, E. C.

Society of Plastics Engineers - 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013. Vol. 2 Society of Plastics Engineers, 2013. p. 792-798.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Minus, ML, Song, K, Zhang, Y, Meng, J & Green, EC 2013, Using nano-carbon templates to control polymer matrix micro-structure formation and properties in the composite. in Society of Plastics Engineers - 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013. vol. 2, Society of Plastics Engineers, pp. 792-798, 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013, Novi, United States, 9/11/13.
Minus ML, Song K, Zhang Y, Meng J, Green EC. Using nano-carbon templates to control polymer matrix micro-structure formation and properties in the composite. In Society of Plastics Engineers - 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013. Vol. 2. Society of Plastics Engineers. 2013. p. 792-798
Minus, M. L. ; Song, Kenan ; Zhang, Y. ; Meng, J. ; Green, E. C. / Using nano-carbon templates to control polymer matrix micro-structure formation and properties in the composite. Society of Plastics Engineers - 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013. Vol. 2 Society of Plastics Engineers, 2013. pp. 792-798
@inproceedings{c559cf4a2f674391835f3aa9578d9540,
title = "Using nano-carbon templates to control polymer matrix micro-structure formation and properties in the composite",
abstract = "For nano-materials (in particular nano-carbons) one of the most attractive uses has been to fabricate polymer-based composites that are lightweight, but exhibit high-strength and high-modulus. While impressive properties for such composites have been found to date, one major drawback for commercial usage has been the high cost of nano-carbons. Some potential solutions to this issue have included, (i) improving the production methods to increase batch sizes/quality to drive down materials cost, as well as (ii) looking at alternative nano-carbons such as graphitic nano-platelets, which can be derived from cheaper carbon sources (i.e. graphite) as fillers. An alternative route to achieve nano-carbon polymer-based composites that are low-cost, lightweight, high-modulus, and high-strength, is to use the nano-fillers as templates to modify the thermoplastic micro-structures. It is well known that polymers can exhibit high-modulus (>100 GPa) and high-strength (>10 GPa) if the structure can be controlled. The work outlined in this talk shows that by using low volume percents of nano-carbons (i.e. less the 1 vol{\%}) in the polymer, the micro-structure of the matrix can be modified around the nano-carbon to influence its intrinsic properties. It has been demonstrated that the modified-polymer properties are significantly higher than the bulk-polymer component. This method provides insight toward processing routes which can lead to structural control in the composite. This technology may enable the production of high-performance polymer-based composites which utilize low volumes of nano-carbons that are low-cost, and thereby attractive at the commercial scale.",
author = "Minus, {M. L.} and Kenan Song and Y. Zhang and J. Meng and Green, {E. C.}",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "792--798",
booktitle = "Society of Plastics Engineers - 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013",
publisher = "Society of Plastics Engineers",
address = "United States",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Using nano-carbon templates to control polymer matrix micro-structure formation and properties in the composite

AU - Minus, M. L.

AU - Song, Kenan

AU - Zhang, Y.

AU - Meng, J.

AU - Green, E. C.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - For nano-materials (in particular nano-carbons) one of the most attractive uses has been to fabricate polymer-based composites that are lightweight, but exhibit high-strength and high-modulus. While impressive properties for such composites have been found to date, one major drawback for commercial usage has been the high cost of nano-carbons. Some potential solutions to this issue have included, (i) improving the production methods to increase batch sizes/quality to drive down materials cost, as well as (ii) looking at alternative nano-carbons such as graphitic nano-platelets, which can be derived from cheaper carbon sources (i.e. graphite) as fillers. An alternative route to achieve nano-carbon polymer-based composites that are low-cost, lightweight, high-modulus, and high-strength, is to use the nano-fillers as templates to modify the thermoplastic micro-structures. It is well known that polymers can exhibit high-modulus (>100 GPa) and high-strength (>10 GPa) if the structure can be controlled. The work outlined in this talk shows that by using low volume percents of nano-carbons (i.e. less the 1 vol%) in the polymer, the micro-structure of the matrix can be modified around the nano-carbon to influence its intrinsic properties. It has been demonstrated that the modified-polymer properties are significantly higher than the bulk-polymer component. This method provides insight toward processing routes which can lead to structural control in the composite. This technology may enable the production of high-performance polymer-based composites which utilize low volumes of nano-carbons that are low-cost, and thereby attractive at the commercial scale.

AB - For nano-materials (in particular nano-carbons) one of the most attractive uses has been to fabricate polymer-based composites that are lightweight, but exhibit high-strength and high-modulus. While impressive properties for such composites have been found to date, one major drawback for commercial usage has been the high cost of nano-carbons. Some potential solutions to this issue have included, (i) improving the production methods to increase batch sizes/quality to drive down materials cost, as well as (ii) looking at alternative nano-carbons such as graphitic nano-platelets, which can be derived from cheaper carbon sources (i.e. graphite) as fillers. An alternative route to achieve nano-carbon polymer-based composites that are low-cost, lightweight, high-modulus, and high-strength, is to use the nano-fillers as templates to modify the thermoplastic micro-structures. It is well known that polymers can exhibit high-modulus (>100 GPa) and high-strength (>10 GPa) if the structure can be controlled. The work outlined in this talk shows that by using low volume percents of nano-carbons (i.e. less the 1 vol%) in the polymer, the micro-structure of the matrix can be modified around the nano-carbon to influence its intrinsic properties. It has been demonstrated that the modified-polymer properties are significantly higher than the bulk-polymer component. This method provides insight toward processing routes which can lead to structural control in the composite. This technology may enable the production of high-performance polymer-based composites which utilize low volumes of nano-carbons that are low-cost, and thereby attractive at the commercial scale.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84947070958&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84947070958&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84947070958

VL - 2

SP - 792

EP - 798

BT - Society of Plastics Engineers - 13th Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, ACCE 2013

PB - Society of Plastics Engineers

ER -