Urinary excretion of three nucleic acid oxidation adducts and isoprostane F2α measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in smokers, ex-smokers, and nonsmokers

S. Mitchell Harman, Lynn Liang, Panayiotis D. Tsitouras, Frank Gucciardo, Christopher B. Heward, Peter D. Reaven, Wei Ping, Alaa Ahmed, Richard G. Cutler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

To assess novel liquid chromatography/mass spectrometric methods for measuring oxidative damage to nucleic acids and lipids, we compared urinary excretion of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 5-hydroxymethyl- 2′-deoxyuridine (5-OHmU), and 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OxoG), and an isoprostane, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (IsopF2α) in 234 healthy men (n = 113) and women (n = 121), 80 current smokers, 96 never-smokers), and 58 ex-smokers (no tobacco use for 3 years). The 8-OHdG and 8-OxoG did not differ significantly by group; 5-OHmU was higher in smokers, compared with ex- (p < .003) and never- (p < .0001) smokers and in ex- vs. never-smokers (p = .014) at, respectively, 13.5 ± 0.7, 11.3 ± 1.0, and 8.7 ± 0.3 μg/g creatinine. IsopF2α was higher in smokers, compared with ex- (p = .007) and never-smokers (p < .0001) and in ex- vs. never- smokers (p = .002) at, respectively, 1.1 ± 0.10; 0.74 ± 0.07, and 0.51 ± 0.04 μg/g creatinine. There were significant correlations among all three nucleic acid adducts and between IsopF2α and both 5-OHmU and 8-OHdG. Many smokers and ex-smokers had high levels of either 5-OHmU excretion or IsopF 2α excretion, but not both. We conclude that 5-OHmU and IsopF2α are more discriminating of oxidative stress from tobacco smoke than the other two compounds measured. Whether characteristic patterns of excretion of these indicators forecast differential disease risk should be explored in future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1309
Number of pages9
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Free radicals
  • Isoprostanes
  • Nucleic acids
  • Oxidative stress
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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