Uncovering the influence of metallic and non-metallic impurities on the ideal shear strength and ductility of Ti: An ab-initio study

P. Garg, M. A. Bhatia, Kiran Solanki

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Abstract

The mechanical properties of Ti alloys are significantly affected by the introduction of solute or impurity elements. Thus, the role of impurities on the hardening or softening behavior of α-Ti was investigated through first principles calculations. In particularly, to provide a comprehensive electronic and atomic basis of solute addition in α-Ti, the effect of metallic (V and Al) and non-metallic (C and O) impurities on the ideal shear strength (ISS) and generalized stacking fault energy (GSFE) across different slip systems of Ti were probed. The results revealed that the addition of V atom reduces both ISS and unstable stacking fault energy across various slip systems of α-Ti, whereas Al addition increases the ISS of Ti. Further, the addition of O atom decreases ISS for most of the slip systems while C solute atom increases ISS across all slip systems of α-Ti. To illustrate the underlying factors influencing the observed softening/strengthening behavior, the electronic density of states and valence charge transfer were determined. The electronic density of states calculations showed that the contribution from the d states of V atom decreases the stability of Ti-V solid solution, thereby leading to a decrease in the plastic anisotropy of α-Ti. Finally, the shearability parameter and critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) ratios across different slip systems of Ti solid solutions were calculated to understand the macroscopic effects of impurity addition on the deformation behavior of α-Ti at ambient conditions. Overall, the first-principles study provides an insight into the electronic basis of strengthening/softening effect of solute addition in α-Ti and assesses their implications on the deformation behavior of α-Ti alloys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-421
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume788
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2019

Fingerprint

Shear strength
Ductility
Impurities
Atoms
Electronic density of states
Stacking faults
Solid solutions
Strengthening (metal)
Hardening
Charge transfer
Shear stress
Anisotropy
Plastics
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • CRSS
  • Density functional theory
  • Ideal shear strength
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Uncovering the influence of metallic and non-metallic impurities on the ideal shear strength and ductility of Ti: An ab-initio study",
abstract = "The mechanical properties of Ti alloys are significantly affected by the introduction of solute or impurity elements. Thus, the role of impurities on the hardening or softening behavior of α-Ti was investigated through first principles calculations. In particularly, to provide a comprehensive electronic and atomic basis of solute addition in α-Ti, the effect of metallic (V and Al) and non-metallic (C and O) impurities on the ideal shear strength (ISS) and generalized stacking fault energy (GSFE) across different slip systems of Ti were probed. The results revealed that the addition of V atom reduces both ISS and unstable stacking fault energy across various slip systems of α-Ti, whereas Al addition increases the ISS of Ti. Further, the addition of O atom decreases ISS for most of the slip systems while C solute atom increases ISS across all slip systems of α-Ti. To illustrate the underlying factors influencing the observed softening/strengthening behavior, the electronic density of states and valence charge transfer were determined. The electronic density of states calculations showed that the contribution from the d states of V atom decreases the stability of Ti-V solid solution, thereby leading to a decrease in the plastic anisotropy of α-Ti. Finally, the shearability parameter and critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) ratios across different slip systems of Ti solid solutions were calculated to understand the macroscopic effects of impurity addition on the deformation behavior of α-Ti at ambient conditions. Overall, the first-principles study provides an insight into the electronic basis of strengthening/softening effect of solute addition in α-Ti and assesses their implications on the deformation behavior of α-Ti alloys.",
keywords = "CRSS, Density functional theory, Ideal shear strength, Titanium",
author = "P. Garg and Bhatia, {M. A.} and Kiran Solanki",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.02.231",
language = "English (US)",
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pages = "413--421",
journal = "Journal of Alloys and Compounds",
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T1 - Uncovering the influence of metallic and non-metallic impurities on the ideal shear strength and ductility of Ti

T2 - An ab-initio study

AU - Garg, P.

AU - Bhatia, M. A.

AU - Solanki, Kiran

PY - 2019/6/5

Y1 - 2019/6/5

N2 - The mechanical properties of Ti alloys are significantly affected by the introduction of solute or impurity elements. Thus, the role of impurities on the hardening or softening behavior of α-Ti was investigated through first principles calculations. In particularly, to provide a comprehensive electronic and atomic basis of solute addition in α-Ti, the effect of metallic (V and Al) and non-metallic (C and O) impurities on the ideal shear strength (ISS) and generalized stacking fault energy (GSFE) across different slip systems of Ti were probed. The results revealed that the addition of V atom reduces both ISS and unstable stacking fault energy across various slip systems of α-Ti, whereas Al addition increases the ISS of Ti. Further, the addition of O atom decreases ISS for most of the slip systems while C solute atom increases ISS across all slip systems of α-Ti. To illustrate the underlying factors influencing the observed softening/strengthening behavior, the electronic density of states and valence charge transfer were determined. The electronic density of states calculations showed that the contribution from the d states of V atom decreases the stability of Ti-V solid solution, thereby leading to a decrease in the plastic anisotropy of α-Ti. Finally, the shearability parameter and critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) ratios across different slip systems of Ti solid solutions were calculated to understand the macroscopic effects of impurity addition on the deformation behavior of α-Ti at ambient conditions. Overall, the first-principles study provides an insight into the electronic basis of strengthening/softening effect of solute addition in α-Ti and assesses their implications on the deformation behavior of α-Ti alloys.

AB - The mechanical properties of Ti alloys are significantly affected by the introduction of solute or impurity elements. Thus, the role of impurities on the hardening or softening behavior of α-Ti was investigated through first principles calculations. In particularly, to provide a comprehensive electronic and atomic basis of solute addition in α-Ti, the effect of metallic (V and Al) and non-metallic (C and O) impurities on the ideal shear strength (ISS) and generalized stacking fault energy (GSFE) across different slip systems of Ti were probed. The results revealed that the addition of V atom reduces both ISS and unstable stacking fault energy across various slip systems of α-Ti, whereas Al addition increases the ISS of Ti. Further, the addition of O atom decreases ISS for most of the slip systems while C solute atom increases ISS across all slip systems of α-Ti. To illustrate the underlying factors influencing the observed softening/strengthening behavior, the electronic density of states and valence charge transfer were determined. The electronic density of states calculations showed that the contribution from the d states of V atom decreases the stability of Ti-V solid solution, thereby leading to a decrease in the plastic anisotropy of α-Ti. Finally, the shearability parameter and critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) ratios across different slip systems of Ti solid solutions were calculated to understand the macroscopic effects of impurity addition on the deformation behavior of α-Ti at ambient conditions. Overall, the first-principles study provides an insight into the electronic basis of strengthening/softening effect of solute addition in α-Ti and assesses their implications on the deformation behavior of α-Ti alloys.

KW - CRSS

KW - Density functional theory

KW - Ideal shear strength

KW - Titanium

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