Turning to learn

Screen orientation and reasoning with small devices

Christopher A. Sanchez, Russell Branaghan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While the prevalence and use of mobile devices to gather important information is increasing rapidly, a critical question is whether information gathering and reasoning with these devices produces acceptable levels of performance, especially relative to more traditional desktop environments? Across two studies, participants were evaluated on their ability to not only remember information conveyed on small devices, but also reason with said information in complex ways. Results indicated that, when compared to a full-size display, there is a reasoning deficit when using a small device. However, changing the small device to landscape orientation effectively eliminated this performance decrement. Further, this orientation manipulation appears to most support individuals who are lower in working memory capacity, as these individuals have been shown previously to struggle with learning from scrolling interfaces. This suggests that consideration of learner differences, through adaptive design, can promote optimal use of small technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)793-797
Number of pages5
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

Mobile devices
Display devices
Data storage equipment
Equipment and Supplies
Aptitude
Short-Term Memory
Learning
Technology

Keywords

  • Mobile devices
  • Reasoning
  • Small screens
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Turning to learn : Screen orientation and reasoning with small devices. / Sanchez, Christopher A.; Branaghan, Russell.

In: Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 27, No. 2, 03.2011, p. 793-797.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e1b7458b06a4494cad2bc7a9d889b037,
title = "Turning to learn: Screen orientation and reasoning with small devices",
abstract = "While the prevalence and use of mobile devices to gather important information is increasing rapidly, a critical question is whether information gathering and reasoning with these devices produces acceptable levels of performance, especially relative to more traditional desktop environments? Across two studies, participants were evaluated on their ability to not only remember information conveyed on small devices, but also reason with said information in complex ways. Results indicated that, when compared to a full-size display, there is a reasoning deficit when using a small device. However, changing the small device to landscape orientation effectively eliminated this performance decrement. Further, this orientation manipulation appears to most support individuals who are lower in working memory capacity, as these individuals have been shown previously to struggle with learning from scrolling interfaces. This suggests that consideration of learner differences, through adaptive design, can promote optimal use of small technologies.",
keywords = "Mobile devices, Reasoning, Small screens, Working memory",
author = "Sanchez, {Christopher A.} and Russell Branaghan",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.chb.2010.11.004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "793--797",
journal = "Computers in Human Behavior",
issn = "0747-5632",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Turning to learn

T2 - Screen orientation and reasoning with small devices

AU - Sanchez, Christopher A.

AU - Branaghan, Russell

PY - 2011/3

Y1 - 2011/3

N2 - While the prevalence and use of mobile devices to gather important information is increasing rapidly, a critical question is whether information gathering and reasoning with these devices produces acceptable levels of performance, especially relative to more traditional desktop environments? Across two studies, participants were evaluated on their ability to not only remember information conveyed on small devices, but also reason with said information in complex ways. Results indicated that, when compared to a full-size display, there is a reasoning deficit when using a small device. However, changing the small device to landscape orientation effectively eliminated this performance decrement. Further, this orientation manipulation appears to most support individuals who are lower in working memory capacity, as these individuals have been shown previously to struggle with learning from scrolling interfaces. This suggests that consideration of learner differences, through adaptive design, can promote optimal use of small technologies.

AB - While the prevalence and use of mobile devices to gather important information is increasing rapidly, a critical question is whether information gathering and reasoning with these devices produces acceptable levels of performance, especially relative to more traditional desktop environments? Across two studies, participants were evaluated on their ability to not only remember information conveyed on small devices, but also reason with said information in complex ways. Results indicated that, when compared to a full-size display, there is a reasoning deficit when using a small device. However, changing the small device to landscape orientation effectively eliminated this performance decrement. Further, this orientation manipulation appears to most support individuals who are lower in working memory capacity, as these individuals have been shown previously to struggle with learning from scrolling interfaces. This suggests that consideration of learner differences, through adaptive design, can promote optimal use of small technologies.

KW - Mobile devices

KW - Reasoning

KW - Small screens

KW - Working memory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79551470765&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79551470765&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chb.2010.11.004

DO - 10.1016/j.chb.2010.11.004

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 793

EP - 797

JO - Computers in Human Behavior

JF - Computers in Human Behavior

SN - 0747-5632

IS - 2

ER -