Trends in the Policing Industry

Edward R. Maguire, William R. King

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing: The Evidence does a terrific job of discussing the limited research on trends in the policing industry, but what it does not include is perhaps as informative. Large gaps in the body of research limit our ability to make definitive inferences about how the policing industry is changing. These gaps result in part from a lack of systematic, standardized, longitudinal data collection and analysis on the nature and outputs of police organizations in the United States. As a result, we know little about basic descriptive features of policing and how these features are changing over time. Lacking the ability to track even the most basic descriptive trends, the police research industry is at even more of a loss in developing careful empirical explanations of these trends. This article discusses some of these trends, summarizes what we know and what we do not know about them, and provides some recommendations for how the police research industry can do a better job of describing and explaining trends in the police industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-41
Number of pages27
JournalAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
StatePublished - May 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Longitudinal research
  • Organizational change
  • Police
  • Transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)


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