Transformation of social networks in the late pre-Hispanic US Southwest

Barbara J. Mills, Jeffery J. Clark, Matthew Peeples, W. R. Haas, John M. Roberts, J. Brett Hill, Deborah L. Huntley, Lewis Borck, Ronald L. Breiger, Aaron Clauset, M. Steven Shackley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The late pre-Hispanic period in the US Southwest (A.D. 1200-1450) was characterized by large-scale demographic changes, including long-distance migration and population aggregation. To reconstruct how these processes reshaped social networks, we compiled a comprehensive artifact database from major sites dating to this interval in the western Southwest. We combine social network analysis with geographic information systems approaches to reconstruct network dynamics over 250 y. We show how social networks were transformed across the region at previously undocumented spatial, temporal, and social scales. Using well-dated decorated ceramics, we track changes in network topology at 50-y intervals to show a dramatic shift in network density and settlement centrality from the northern to the southern Southwest after A.D. 1300. Both obsidian sourcing and ceramic data demonstrate that long-distance network relationships also shifted from north to south after migration. Surprisingly, social distance does not always correlate with spatial distance because of the presence of network relationships spanning long geographic distances. Our research shows how a large network in the southern Southwest grew and then collapsed, whereas networks became more fragmented in the northern Southwest but persisted. The study also illustrates how formal social network analysis may be applied to large-scale databases of material culture to illustrate multigenerational changes in network structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5785-5790
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume110
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Southwestern United States
Hispanic Americans
Social Support
Ceramics
Databases
Social Distance
Geographic Information Systems
Artifacts
Demography
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Archaeology
  • Network visualization
  • North american southwest
  • Regional interaction
  • Spatial analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Transformation of social networks in the late pre-Hispanic US Southwest. / Mills, Barbara J.; Clark, Jeffery J.; Peeples, Matthew; Haas, W. R.; Roberts, John M.; Brett Hill, J.; Huntley, Deborah L.; Borck, Lewis; Breiger, Ronald L.; Clauset, Aaron; Steven Shackley, M.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 110, No. 15, 09.04.2013, p. 5785-5790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mills, BJ, Clark, JJ, Peeples, M, Haas, WR, Roberts, JM, Brett Hill, J, Huntley, DL, Borck, L, Breiger, RL, Clauset, A & Steven Shackley, M 2013, 'Transformation of social networks in the late pre-Hispanic US Southwest', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 110, no. 15, pp. 5785-5790. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1219966110
Mills, Barbara J. ; Clark, Jeffery J. ; Peeples, Matthew ; Haas, W. R. ; Roberts, John M. ; Brett Hill, J. ; Huntley, Deborah L. ; Borck, Lewis ; Breiger, Ronald L. ; Clauset, Aaron ; Steven Shackley, M. / Transformation of social networks in the late pre-Hispanic US Southwest. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2013 ; Vol. 110, No. 15. pp. 5785-5790.
@article{b0c127c7b1634870b541e48733ffce47,
title = "Transformation of social networks in the late pre-Hispanic US Southwest",
abstract = "The late pre-Hispanic period in the US Southwest (A.D. 1200-1450) was characterized by large-scale demographic changes, including long-distance migration and population aggregation. To reconstruct how these processes reshaped social networks, we compiled a comprehensive artifact database from major sites dating to this interval in the western Southwest. We combine social network analysis with geographic information systems approaches to reconstruct network dynamics over 250 y. We show how social networks were transformed across the region at previously undocumented spatial, temporal, and social scales. Using well-dated decorated ceramics, we track changes in network topology at 50-y intervals to show a dramatic shift in network density and settlement centrality from the northern to the southern Southwest after A.D. 1300. Both obsidian sourcing and ceramic data demonstrate that long-distance network relationships also shifted from north to south after migration. Surprisingly, social distance does not always correlate with spatial distance because of the presence of network relationships spanning long geographic distances. Our research shows how a large network in the southern Southwest grew and then collapsed, whereas networks became more fragmented in the northern Southwest but persisted. The study also illustrates how formal social network analysis may be applied to large-scale databases of material culture to illustrate multigenerational changes in network structure.",
keywords = "Archaeology, Network visualization, North american southwest, Regional interaction, Spatial analysis",
author = "Mills, {Barbara J.} and Clark, {Jeffery J.} and Matthew Peeples and Haas, {W. R.} and Roberts, {John M.} and {Brett Hill}, J. and Huntley, {Deborah L.} and Lewis Borck and Breiger, {Ronald L.} and Aaron Clauset and {Steven Shackley}, M.",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1219966110",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "110",
pages = "5785--5790",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transformation of social networks in the late pre-Hispanic US Southwest

AU - Mills, Barbara J.

AU - Clark, Jeffery J.

AU - Peeples, Matthew

AU - Haas, W. R.

AU - Roberts, John M.

AU - Brett Hill, J.

AU - Huntley, Deborah L.

AU - Borck, Lewis

AU - Breiger, Ronald L.

AU - Clauset, Aaron

AU - Steven Shackley, M.

PY - 2013/4/9

Y1 - 2013/4/9

N2 - The late pre-Hispanic period in the US Southwest (A.D. 1200-1450) was characterized by large-scale demographic changes, including long-distance migration and population aggregation. To reconstruct how these processes reshaped social networks, we compiled a comprehensive artifact database from major sites dating to this interval in the western Southwest. We combine social network analysis with geographic information systems approaches to reconstruct network dynamics over 250 y. We show how social networks were transformed across the region at previously undocumented spatial, temporal, and social scales. Using well-dated decorated ceramics, we track changes in network topology at 50-y intervals to show a dramatic shift in network density and settlement centrality from the northern to the southern Southwest after A.D. 1300. Both obsidian sourcing and ceramic data demonstrate that long-distance network relationships also shifted from north to south after migration. Surprisingly, social distance does not always correlate with spatial distance because of the presence of network relationships spanning long geographic distances. Our research shows how a large network in the southern Southwest grew and then collapsed, whereas networks became more fragmented in the northern Southwest but persisted. The study also illustrates how formal social network analysis may be applied to large-scale databases of material culture to illustrate multigenerational changes in network structure.

AB - The late pre-Hispanic period in the US Southwest (A.D. 1200-1450) was characterized by large-scale demographic changes, including long-distance migration and population aggregation. To reconstruct how these processes reshaped social networks, we compiled a comprehensive artifact database from major sites dating to this interval in the western Southwest. We combine social network analysis with geographic information systems approaches to reconstruct network dynamics over 250 y. We show how social networks were transformed across the region at previously undocumented spatial, temporal, and social scales. Using well-dated decorated ceramics, we track changes in network topology at 50-y intervals to show a dramatic shift in network density and settlement centrality from the northern to the southern Southwest after A.D. 1300. Both obsidian sourcing and ceramic data demonstrate that long-distance network relationships also shifted from north to south after migration. Surprisingly, social distance does not always correlate with spatial distance because of the presence of network relationships spanning long geographic distances. Our research shows how a large network in the southern Southwest grew and then collapsed, whereas networks became more fragmented in the northern Southwest but persisted. The study also illustrates how formal social network analysis may be applied to large-scale databases of material culture to illustrate multigenerational changes in network structure.

KW - Archaeology

KW - Network visualization

KW - North american southwest

KW - Regional interaction

KW - Spatial analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876032849&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876032849&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1219966110

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1219966110

M3 - Article

VL - 110

SP - 5785

EP - 5790

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 15

ER -