Training mildly handicapped peers to facilitate changes in the social interaction skills of autistic children.

Michael Shafer, A. L. Egel, N. A. Neef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of a peer-training strategy, consisting of direct prompting and modeling, on the occurrence and duration of interactions between autistic students and nonautistic peer-trainers. Data were obtained in both training and generalization settings. The results of a multiple-baseline design across students demonstrated that:the direct prompting procedure produced immediate and substantial increases in the occurrences and durations of positive social interactions between the peer-trainers and autistic students; these increases were maintained across time at levels above baseline during subsequent free-play probes; these findings were judged by teachers to be socially valid; untrained peers increased their interactions with the autistic students in three of the four groups; generalization of behavior change across settings occurred only after specific programming; and interactions between untrained peers and peer-trainers decreased following training. Variables that may account for the results and the implications of these findings for peer-mediated interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-476
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume17
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

handicapped
Interpersonal Relations
Disabled Persons
Students
interaction
student
programming
Social Skills
Social Interaction
Peers
teacher
Group
Interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Training mildly handicapped peers to facilitate changes in the social interaction skills of autistic children. / Shafer, Michael; Egel, A. L.; Neef, N. A.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 17, No. 4, 12.1984, p. 461-476.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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