Toward a comprehensive model of physical activity

John C. Spence, Rebecca Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

335 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and purpose. Despite the widely acknowledged public health burden and years of individually based intervention approaches, physical inactivity remains a growing concern among industrialized nations. Interventions aimed at changing individual dispositions that increase physical activity generally result in small changes in behavior that dissipate within weeks. Correlational research testing theories and models focusing on these same individual dispositions explain, at best, 20-40% of the variance in physical activity. As a result, recent calls have been made for consideration of broader, multilevel, ecological approaches to physical activity promotion. The purpose of this article is to define a comprehensive model for understanding physical activity and consider future directions for research. Methods. Relevant literature is reviewed within each of the areas being discussed. Results and conclusions. Ecological models incorporate both intra- and extra-individual influences that may impact on individual physical activity. However, the role of extra-individual factors has not been clearly defined in current ecological models of physical activity. We present the theoretical background of ecological models of health behavior, and define an ecological model for physical activity promotion. This model portrays physical activity behavior as being influenced by interplay between environmental settings and biological and psychological factors. Further testing of this and existing ecological models of physical activity is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-24
Number of pages18
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Health Behavior
Biological Factors
Research
Developed Countries
Public Health
Psychology
disposition
promotion
biological factors
psychological factors
health behavior
public health
Direction compound

Keywords

  • Behavior
  • Ecological model
  • Exercise
  • Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Applied Psychology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Toward a comprehensive model of physical activity. / Spence, John C.; Lee, Rebecca.

In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 4, No. 1, 01.2003, p. 7-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c4adc36afc554ab88deb78c66848afe3,
title = "Toward a comprehensive model of physical activity",
abstract = "Background and purpose. Despite the widely acknowledged public health burden and years of individually based intervention approaches, physical inactivity remains a growing concern among industrialized nations. Interventions aimed at changing individual dispositions that increase physical activity generally result in small changes in behavior that dissipate within weeks. Correlational research testing theories and models focusing on these same individual dispositions explain, at best, 20-40{\%} of the variance in physical activity. As a result, recent calls have been made for consideration of broader, multilevel, ecological approaches to physical activity promotion. The purpose of this article is to define a comprehensive model for understanding physical activity and consider future directions for research. Methods. Relevant literature is reviewed within each of the areas being discussed. Results and conclusions. Ecological models incorporate both intra- and extra-individual influences that may impact on individual physical activity. However, the role of extra-individual factors has not been clearly defined in current ecological models of physical activity. We present the theoretical background of ecological models of health behavior, and define an ecological model for physical activity promotion. This model portrays physical activity behavior as being influenced by interplay between environmental settings and biological and psychological factors. Further testing of this and existing ecological models of physical activity is recommended.",
keywords = "Behavior, Ecological model, Exercise, Theory",
author = "Spence, {John C.} and Rebecca Lee",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00014-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
pages = "7--24",
journal = "Psychology of Sport and Exercise",
issn = "1469-0292",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toward a comprehensive model of physical activity

AU - Spence, John C.

AU - Lee, Rebecca

PY - 2003/1

Y1 - 2003/1

N2 - Background and purpose. Despite the widely acknowledged public health burden and years of individually based intervention approaches, physical inactivity remains a growing concern among industrialized nations. Interventions aimed at changing individual dispositions that increase physical activity generally result in small changes in behavior that dissipate within weeks. Correlational research testing theories and models focusing on these same individual dispositions explain, at best, 20-40% of the variance in physical activity. As a result, recent calls have been made for consideration of broader, multilevel, ecological approaches to physical activity promotion. The purpose of this article is to define a comprehensive model for understanding physical activity and consider future directions for research. Methods. Relevant literature is reviewed within each of the areas being discussed. Results and conclusions. Ecological models incorporate both intra- and extra-individual influences that may impact on individual physical activity. However, the role of extra-individual factors has not been clearly defined in current ecological models of physical activity. We present the theoretical background of ecological models of health behavior, and define an ecological model for physical activity promotion. This model portrays physical activity behavior as being influenced by interplay between environmental settings and biological and psychological factors. Further testing of this and existing ecological models of physical activity is recommended.

AB - Background and purpose. Despite the widely acknowledged public health burden and years of individually based intervention approaches, physical inactivity remains a growing concern among industrialized nations. Interventions aimed at changing individual dispositions that increase physical activity generally result in small changes in behavior that dissipate within weeks. Correlational research testing theories and models focusing on these same individual dispositions explain, at best, 20-40% of the variance in physical activity. As a result, recent calls have been made for consideration of broader, multilevel, ecological approaches to physical activity promotion. The purpose of this article is to define a comprehensive model for understanding physical activity and consider future directions for research. Methods. Relevant literature is reviewed within each of the areas being discussed. Results and conclusions. Ecological models incorporate both intra- and extra-individual influences that may impact on individual physical activity. However, the role of extra-individual factors has not been clearly defined in current ecological models of physical activity. We present the theoretical background of ecological models of health behavior, and define an ecological model for physical activity promotion. This model portrays physical activity behavior as being influenced by interplay between environmental settings and biological and psychological factors. Further testing of this and existing ecological models of physical activity is recommended.

KW - Behavior

KW - Ecological model

KW - Exercise

KW - Theory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037212787&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037212787&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00014-6

DO - 10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00014-6

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 7

EP - 24

JO - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

JF - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

SN - 1469-0292

IS - 1

ER -