Topaz rhyolites - distribution, origin, and significance for exploration.

Donald Burt, M. F. Sheridan, J. V. Bikun, E. H. Christiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Topaz rhyolites are fluorine-rich alkaline silicic lavas and shallow intrusive rocks, characterized by the presence of topaz crystals and other minerals rich in lithophile elements in gas cavities. Brief petrological descriptions of 22 occurrences of Cainozoic age in the western USA are given, and similar occurrences in Mexico and other countries are noted. The tectonic setting and geochemical characteristics of these topaz rhyolites suggest that they represent the extrusive equivalents of anorogenic or residual-type granites. Their petrogenesis presumably involved partial melting of the Precambrian continental crust, followed by further magmatic differentiation depending upon the particular environment of formation. Topaz rhyolites often exhibit spatial and genetic association with other types of volcanogenic mineral deposits, and hence may be valuable indicators of subsurface mineralization. -J.E.S.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1818-1836
Number of pages19
JournalEconomic Geology
Volume77
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982

Fingerprint

Topaz
topaz
occurrences
mineral deposits
petrogenesis
Mexico
fluorine
tectonics
crusts
minerals
melting
rocks
magmatic differentiation
cavities
Mineral resources
Fluorine
Tectonics
mineral deposit
gases
tectonic setting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Topaz rhyolites - distribution, origin, and significance for exploration. / Burt, Donald; Sheridan, M. F.; Bikun, J. V.; Christiansen, E. H.

In: Economic Geology, Vol. 77, No. 8, 1982, p. 1818-1836.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burt, Donald ; Sheridan, M. F. ; Bikun, J. V. ; Christiansen, E. H. / Topaz rhyolites - distribution, origin, and significance for exploration. In: Economic Geology. 1982 ; Vol. 77, No. 8. pp. 1818-1836.
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