Thermal and mechanical stability of Ce-containing Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu lead-free solder on Cu and electroless Ni-P metallizations

Huxiao Xie, Nikhilesh Chawla, Kabir Mirpuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rare earth (RE)-containing solders have been shown to exhibit improvements in both physical and mechanical properties. However, the reactive nature of RE elements with oxygen may degrade the mechanical properties even under room-temperature aging. In this article, we report on the microstructure and mechanical properties of as-processed and thermally aged Ce-containing Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu solder reflowed on electroless Ni-P and Cu metallizations. The microstructure of both as-reflowed and thermally aged Ce-containing Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu solder joints is more refined compared with conventional Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu solder joints. The (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 intermetallic layer formed at the Cu/Ce-containing solder interface is thinner than that of Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu solder. The monotonic shear behavior of as-reflowed and thermally aged Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu-0.5Ce/Cu and electroless Ni-P lap shear joints was studied, and compared with Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu. It was found that both as-reflowed and thermally aged Ce-containing Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu exhibit higher strain to failure compared with Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu solder joints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3249-3258
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume41
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Fingerprint

Mechanical stability
solders
Metallizing
Soldering alloys
Thermodynamic stability
thermal stability
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
rare earth elements
shear
microstructure
Microstructure
Lead-free solders
Rare earth elements
Rare earths
Intermetallics
intermetallics
Physical properties
Aging of materials
physical properties

Keywords

  • Isothermal aging
  • Lead-free solder
  • Monotonic shear
  • Rare earth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Thermal and mechanical stability of Ce-containing Sn-3.9Ag-0.7Cu lead-free solder on Cu and electroless Ni-P metallizations. / Xie, Huxiao; Chawla, Nikhilesh; Mirpuri, Kabir.

In: Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 41, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 3249-3258.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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