The theory of planned behavior: Predicting physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in African American children

Jeffrey J. Martin, Pamela Kulinna, Nate McCaughtry, Donetta Cothran, Joe Dake, Gail Fahoome

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of our study was to evaluate the ability of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to predict African American children's moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and cardiorespiratory fitness. Children (N = 548, ages 9-12) completed questionnaires assessing the TPB constructs and MVPA and then had their cardiorespiratory fitness assessed with the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) test. Commonly used Structural Equation Modeling fit indices suggested the model was an adequate representation for the relationships within the data. However, results also suggested an extended model which was examined and supported. Tests of direct paths from subjective norm and control to intention indicated that both variables were significant predictors of intention. Furthermore, the impact of attitude on intention was mediated by both subjective norm and control. Finally MVPA predicted cardiorespiratory fitness. Most of the standardized path coefficients fell in the small to moderate range, with the strongest effects evident for the predictors of intention and the smallest effect evident for the link from MVPA to cardiorespiratory fitness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-469
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Health
  • Physical education
  • Sport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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