The science commons in life science research: Structure, function, and value of access to genetic diversity

Robert Cook-Deegan, Tom Dedeurwaerdere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Innovation in the life sciences depends on how much information is produced as well as how widely and easily it is shared. Policies governing the science commons - or alternative, more restricted informational spaces - determine how widely and quickly information is distributed. The purpose of this paper is to highlight why the science commons matters and to analyse its structure and function. The main lesson from our analysis is that both the characteristics of the physical resources (from genes to microbes, plants and animals) and the norms and beliefs of the different research communities - think of the Bermuda rules in the human genome case or the Belem declaration for bioprospecting - matter in the institutional choices made when organising the science commons. We also show that the science commons contributes to solving some of the collective action dilemmas that arise in the production of knowledge in Pasteur's Quadrant, when information is both scientifically important and practically applicable. We show the importance of two of these dilemmas for the life sciences, which we call respectively the diffusion-innovation dilemma (how readily innovation diffuses) and the exploration-exploitation dilemma (when application requires collective action).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-317
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Social Science Journal
Volume58
Issue number188
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

life sciences
science
collective behavior
Values
Bermuda
innovation diffusion
innovation
exploitation
animal
resources
community

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

The science commons in life science research : Structure, function, and value of access to genetic diversity. / Cook-Deegan, Robert; Dedeurwaerdere, Tom.

In: International Social Science Journal, Vol. 58, No. 188, 06.2006, p. 299-317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{42cafd372701426da4e4dd5373f3ca97,
title = "The science commons in life science research: Structure, function, and value of access to genetic diversity",
abstract = "Innovation in the life sciences depends on how much information is produced as well as how widely and easily it is shared. Policies governing the science commons - or alternative, more restricted informational spaces - determine how widely and quickly information is distributed. The purpose of this paper is to highlight why the science commons matters and to analyse its structure and function. The main lesson from our analysis is that both the characteristics of the physical resources (from genes to microbes, plants and animals) and the norms and beliefs of the different research communities - think of the Bermuda rules in the human genome case or the Belem declaration for bioprospecting - matter in the institutional choices made when organising the science commons. We also show that the science commons contributes to solving some of the collective action dilemmas that arise in the production of knowledge in Pasteur's Quadrant, when information is both scientifically important and practically applicable. We show the importance of two of these dilemmas for the life sciences, which we call respectively the diffusion-innovation dilemma (how readily innovation diffuses) and the exploration-exploitation dilemma (when application requires collective action).",
author = "Robert Cook-Deegan and Tom Dedeurwaerdere",
year = "2006",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1111/j.1468-2451.2006.00620.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "58",
pages = "299--317",
journal = "International Social Science Journal",
issn = "0020-8701",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "188",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The science commons in life science research

T2 - Structure, function, and value of access to genetic diversity

AU - Cook-Deegan, Robert

AU - Dedeurwaerdere, Tom

PY - 2006/6

Y1 - 2006/6

N2 - Innovation in the life sciences depends on how much information is produced as well as how widely and easily it is shared. Policies governing the science commons - or alternative, more restricted informational spaces - determine how widely and quickly information is distributed. The purpose of this paper is to highlight why the science commons matters and to analyse its structure and function. The main lesson from our analysis is that both the characteristics of the physical resources (from genes to microbes, plants and animals) and the norms and beliefs of the different research communities - think of the Bermuda rules in the human genome case or the Belem declaration for bioprospecting - matter in the institutional choices made when organising the science commons. We also show that the science commons contributes to solving some of the collective action dilemmas that arise in the production of knowledge in Pasteur's Quadrant, when information is both scientifically important and practically applicable. We show the importance of two of these dilemmas for the life sciences, which we call respectively the diffusion-innovation dilemma (how readily innovation diffuses) and the exploration-exploitation dilemma (when application requires collective action).

AB - Innovation in the life sciences depends on how much information is produced as well as how widely and easily it is shared. Policies governing the science commons - or alternative, more restricted informational spaces - determine how widely and quickly information is distributed. The purpose of this paper is to highlight why the science commons matters and to analyse its structure and function. The main lesson from our analysis is that both the characteristics of the physical resources (from genes to microbes, plants and animals) and the norms and beliefs of the different research communities - think of the Bermuda rules in the human genome case or the Belem declaration for bioprospecting - matter in the institutional choices made when organising the science commons. We also show that the science commons contributes to solving some of the collective action dilemmas that arise in the production of knowledge in Pasteur's Quadrant, when information is both scientifically important and practically applicable. We show the importance of two of these dilemmas for the life sciences, which we call respectively the diffusion-innovation dilemma (how readily innovation diffuses) and the exploration-exploitation dilemma (when application requires collective action).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33847772413&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33847772413&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1468-2451.2006.00620.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1468-2451.2006.00620.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33847772413

VL - 58

SP - 299

EP - 317

JO - International Social Science Journal

JF - International Social Science Journal

SN - 0020-8701

IS - 188

ER -