The relation of preterm and full-term infants' temperament to test-taking behaviors and developmental status

Karlsson Roth, Nancy Eisenberg, Elsa R. Sell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relation of preterm and full-term infants' temperaments to both their test-taking behaviors and mental test scores. Sixty preterm infants and 40 full-term infants were administered the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, including the Infant Behavior Record, at 12 months of age. Their mothers completed the Toddler Temperament Scale. Test-taking behavior and temperament were unrelated for full-term infants; however, preterm children who were active and low in persistence on the Toddler Temperament Scale were social and extroverted during developmental testing, although they were relatively low on auditory/visual awareness or responsiveness in the testing environment. Temperament was related to mental scores, but only for preterm infants. Preterm and full-term infants did not differ in temperament.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-505
Number of pages11
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

Keywords

  • cognition-infant
  • mental development-infancy
  • motor development
  • premature infants
  • temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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