The Protective Role of Religious Involvement in African American and Caribbean Black Adolescents’ Experiences of Racial Discrimination

Sheretta T. Butler-Barnes, Pamela P. Martin, Nikeea Copeland-Linder, Eleanor Seaton, Niki Matusko, Cleopatra H. Caldwell, James S. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


For many Black adolescents, racial discrimination increases the risk of developing adverse psychological outcomes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the interrelationships among religious involvement, racial discrimination, and psychological outcomes among a nationally representative sample of African American adolescents and Caribbean Black adolescents from the National Survey of American Life. Multiple regression models were used to determine the interactive effects of religious involvement and racial discrimination experiences on Black adolescents’ psychological outcomes. Findings indicate that religious involvement was a protective factor for Caribbean Black adolescents but not African American youth. The implications of these findings underscore the varied roles of religious involvement for African American and Caribbean Black adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-687
Number of pages29
JournalYouth and Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018



  • adolescents
  • protective factor
  • psychological functioning
  • racial discrimination
  • religious involvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)

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