The persistence of self-provisioning among smallholder farmers in northeast Madagascar

Rheyna Laney, Billie Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the Andapa region of northeast Madagascar, smallholders cultivating swidden hill rice (tavy) for subsistence are pressing against neighboring nature reserves. A dominant policy approach to reducing this pressure requires that smallholders abandon tavy and purchase rice from proceeds obtained from their environmentally sustainable commercial crops, vanilla and coffee. Economic liberalization policies have succeeded in stimulating the expansion of these commercial crops, but have failed to reduce tavy production. We ask why this dual (subsistence and commercial) production system persists. We test two explanatory views: that either market imperfections deny farmers full entry into the market, or that internal production goals or socio-cultural norms create barriers to full market participation. Results support the latter view, although not for reasons that have been associated with this view in past studies. We propose a new factor that may serve as a barrier to full-market immersion among Andapa tavy farmers, the social relations of property.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)811-826
Number of pages16
JournalHuman Ecology
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

Madagascar
smallholder
persistence
farmer
Vanilla
market
Coffee
Immersion
subsistence
nature reserve
opening up of markets
rice
policy approach
Economics
Pressure
Social Relations
crop
liberalization
purchase
coffee

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Agricultural change
  • Commercialization
  • Dual production systems
  • Food security
  • Induced intensification
  • Madagascar
  • Self-provisioning
  • Subsistence
  • Swidden

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Ecology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

The persistence of self-provisioning among smallholder farmers in northeast Madagascar. / Laney, Rheyna; Turner, Billie.

In: Human Ecology, Vol. 43, No. 6, 01.12.2015, p. 811-826.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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