The origins of C4 Grasslands

Integrating evolutionary and ecosystem science

Erika J. Edwards, Colin P. Osborne, Caroline A E Strömberg, Stephen A. Smith, William J. Bond, Pascal Antoine Christin, Asaph B. Cousins, Melvin R. Duvall, David L. Fox, Robert P. Freckleton, Oula Ghannoum, James Hartwell, Yongsong Huang, Christine M. Janis, Jon E. Keeley, Elizabeth A. Kellogg, Alan K. Knapp, Andrew D B Leakey, David M. Nelson, Jeffery M. Saarela & 5 others Rowan F. Sage, Osvaldo Sala, Nicolas Salamin, Christopher J. Still, Brett Tipple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

496 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The evolution of grasses using C4 photosynthesis and their sudden rise to ecological dominance 3 to 8 million years ago is among the most dramatic examples of biome assembly in the geological record. A growing body of work suggests that the patterns and drivers of C4 grassland expansion were considerably more complex than originally assumed. Previous research has benefited substantially from dialog between geologists and ecologists, but current research must now integrate fully with phylogenetics. A synthesis of grass evolutionary biology with grassland ecosystem science will further our knowledge of the evolution of traits that promote dominance in grassland systems and will provide a new context in which to evaluate the relative importance of C4 photosynthesis in transforming ecosystems across large regions of Earth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-591
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume328
Issue number5978
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 30 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Ecosystem
Photosynthesis
Poaceae
Research
Grassland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Edwards, E. J., Osborne, C. P., Strömberg, C. A. E., Smith, S. A., Bond, W. J., Christin, P. A., ... Tipple, B. (2010). The origins of C4 Grasslands: Integrating evolutionary and ecosystem science. Science, 328(5978), 587-591. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1177216

The origins of C4 Grasslands : Integrating evolutionary and ecosystem science. / Edwards, Erika J.; Osborne, Colin P.; Strömberg, Caroline A E; Smith, Stephen A.; Bond, William J.; Christin, Pascal Antoine; Cousins, Asaph B.; Duvall, Melvin R.; Fox, David L.; Freckleton, Robert P.; Ghannoum, Oula; Hartwell, James; Huang, Yongsong; Janis, Christine M.; Keeley, Jon E.; Kellogg, Elizabeth A.; Knapp, Alan K.; Leakey, Andrew D B; Nelson, David M.; Saarela, Jeffery M.; Sage, Rowan F.; Sala, Osvaldo; Salamin, Nicolas; Still, Christopher J.; Tipple, Brett.

In: Science, Vol. 328, No. 5978, 30.04.2010, p. 587-591.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Edwards, EJ, Osborne, CP, Strömberg, CAE, Smith, SA, Bond, WJ, Christin, PA, Cousins, AB, Duvall, MR, Fox, DL, Freckleton, RP, Ghannoum, O, Hartwell, J, Huang, Y, Janis, CM, Keeley, JE, Kellogg, EA, Knapp, AK, Leakey, ADB, Nelson, DM, Saarela, JM, Sage, RF, Sala, O, Salamin, N, Still, CJ & Tipple, B 2010, 'The origins of C4 Grasslands: Integrating evolutionary and ecosystem science', Science, vol. 328, no. 5978, pp. 587-591. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1177216
Edwards EJ, Osborne CP, Strömberg CAE, Smith SA, Bond WJ, Christin PA et al. The origins of C4 Grasslands: Integrating evolutionary and ecosystem science. Science. 2010 Apr 30;328(5978):587-591. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1177216
Edwards, Erika J. ; Osborne, Colin P. ; Strömberg, Caroline A E ; Smith, Stephen A. ; Bond, William J. ; Christin, Pascal Antoine ; Cousins, Asaph B. ; Duvall, Melvin R. ; Fox, David L. ; Freckleton, Robert P. ; Ghannoum, Oula ; Hartwell, James ; Huang, Yongsong ; Janis, Christine M. ; Keeley, Jon E. ; Kellogg, Elizabeth A. ; Knapp, Alan K. ; Leakey, Andrew D B ; Nelson, David M. ; Saarela, Jeffery M. ; Sage, Rowan F. ; Sala, Osvaldo ; Salamin, Nicolas ; Still, Christopher J. ; Tipple, Brett. / The origins of C4 Grasslands : Integrating evolutionary and ecosystem science. In: Science. 2010 ; Vol. 328, No. 5978. pp. 587-591.
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