The Next Generation BLAST Experiment

Nicholas Galitzki, Peter A.R. Ade, Francesco E. Angile, Peter Ashton, James A. Beall, Dan Becker, Kristi J. Bradford, George Che, Hsiao Mei Cho, Mark J. Devlin, Bradley J. Dober, Laura M. Fissel, Yasuo Fukui, Jiansong Gao, Christopher Groppi, Seth Hillbrand, Gene C. Hilton, Johannes Hubmayr, Kent D. Irwin, Jeffrey KleinJeff Van Lanen, Dale Li, Zhi Yun Li, Nathan P. Lourie, Hamdi Mani, Peter G. Martin, Philip Mauskopf, Fumitaka Nakamura, Giles Novak, David P. Pappas, Enzo Pascale, Giampaolo Pisano, Fabio P. Santos, Giorgio Savini, Douglas Scott, Sara Stanchfield, Carole Tucker, Joel N. Ullom, Matthew Underhill, Michael R. Vissers, Derek Ward-Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope for Polarimetry (BLASTPol) was a suborbital experiment designed to map magnetic fields in order to study their role in star formation processes. BLASTPol made detailed polarization maps of a number of molecular clouds during its successful flights from Antarctica in 2010 and 2012. We present the next-generation BLASTPol instrument (BLAST-TNG) that will build off the success of the previous experiment and continue its role as a unique instrument and a test bed for new technologies. With a 16-fold increase in mapping speed, BLAST-TNG will make larger and deeper maps. Major improvements include a 2.5-m carbon fiber mirror that is 40% wider than the BLASTPol mirror and ~3000 polarization sensitive detectors. BLAST-TNG will observe in three bands at 250, 350, and 500 μm. The telescope will serve as a pathfinder project for microwave kinetic inductance detector (MKID) technology, as applied to feedhorn-coupled submillimeter detector arrays. The liquid helium cooled cryostat will have a 28-day hold time and will utilize a closed-cycle 3 He refrigerator to cool the detector arrays to 270 mK. This will enable a detailed mapping of more targets with higher polarization resolution than any other submillimeter experiment to date. BLAST-TNG will also be the first balloon-borne telescope to offer shared risk observing time to the community. This paper outlines the motivation for the project and the instrumental design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1440001
JournalJournal of Astronomical Instrumentation
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Fingerprint

Telescopes
Polarimeters
polarimetry
telescopes
apertures
Detectors
Experiments
Balloons
detectors
balloons
Polarization
Mirrors
polarization
mirrors
closed cycles
Cryostats
Refrigerators
test stands
refrigerators
Antarctic regions

Keywords

  • balloon
  • polarization
  • star formation
  • Submillimeter
  • telescope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Galitzki, N., Ade, P. A. R., Angile, F. E., Ashton, P., Beall, J. A., Becker, D., ... Ward-Thompson, D. (2014). The Next Generation BLAST Experiment. Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, 3(2), [1440001]. https://doi.org/10.1142/S2251171714400017

The Next Generation BLAST Experiment. / Galitzki, Nicholas; Ade, Peter A.R.; Angile, Francesco E.; Ashton, Peter; Beall, James A.; Becker, Dan; Bradford, Kristi J.; Che, George; Cho, Hsiao Mei; Devlin, Mark J.; Dober, Bradley J.; Fissel, Laura M.; Fukui, Yasuo; Gao, Jiansong; Groppi, Christopher; Hillbrand, Seth; Hilton, Gene C.; Hubmayr, Johannes; Irwin, Kent D.; Klein, Jeffrey; Van Lanen, Jeff; Li, Dale; Li, Zhi Yun; Lourie, Nathan P.; Mani, Hamdi; Martin, Peter G.; Mauskopf, Philip; Nakamura, Fumitaka; Novak, Giles; Pappas, David P.; Pascale, Enzo; Pisano, Giampaolo; Santos, Fabio P.; Savini, Giorgio; Scott, Douglas; Stanchfield, Sara; Tucker, Carole; Ullom, Joel N.; Underhill, Matthew; Vissers, Michael R.; Ward-Thompson, Derek.

In: Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1440001, 01.11.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Galitzki, N, Ade, PAR, Angile, FE, Ashton, P, Beall, JA, Becker, D, Bradford, KJ, Che, G, Cho, HM, Devlin, MJ, Dober, BJ, Fissel, LM, Fukui, Y, Gao, J, Groppi, C, Hillbrand, S, Hilton, GC, Hubmayr, J, Irwin, KD, Klein, J, Van Lanen, J, Li, D, Li, ZY, Lourie, NP, Mani, H, Martin, PG, Mauskopf, P, Nakamura, F, Novak, G, Pappas, DP, Pascale, E, Pisano, G, Santos, FP, Savini, G, Scott, D, Stanchfield, S, Tucker, C, Ullom, JN, Underhill, M, Vissers, MR & Ward-Thompson, D 2014, 'The Next Generation BLAST Experiment', Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, vol. 3, no. 2, 1440001. https://doi.org/10.1142/S2251171714400017
Galitzki N, Ade PAR, Angile FE, Ashton P, Beall JA, Becker D et al. The Next Generation BLAST Experiment. Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation. 2014 Nov 1;3(2). 1440001. https://doi.org/10.1142/S2251171714400017
Galitzki, Nicholas ; Ade, Peter A.R. ; Angile, Francesco E. ; Ashton, Peter ; Beall, James A. ; Becker, Dan ; Bradford, Kristi J. ; Che, George ; Cho, Hsiao Mei ; Devlin, Mark J. ; Dober, Bradley J. ; Fissel, Laura M. ; Fukui, Yasuo ; Gao, Jiansong ; Groppi, Christopher ; Hillbrand, Seth ; Hilton, Gene C. ; Hubmayr, Johannes ; Irwin, Kent D. ; Klein, Jeffrey ; Van Lanen, Jeff ; Li, Dale ; Li, Zhi Yun ; Lourie, Nathan P. ; Mani, Hamdi ; Martin, Peter G. ; Mauskopf, Philip ; Nakamura, Fumitaka ; Novak, Giles ; Pappas, David P. ; Pascale, Enzo ; Pisano, Giampaolo ; Santos, Fabio P. ; Savini, Giorgio ; Scott, Douglas ; Stanchfield, Sara ; Tucker, Carole ; Ullom, Joel N. ; Underhill, Matthew ; Vissers, Michael R. ; Ward-Thompson, Derek. / The Next Generation BLAST Experiment. In: Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation. 2014 ; Vol. 3, No. 2.
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