The morphology and kinematics of the gaseous circumgalactic medium of Milky Way mass galaxies - II. Comparison of IllustrisTNG and Illustris simulation results

Guinevere Kauffmann, Dylan Nelson, Sanchayeeta Borthakur, Timothy Heckman, Lars Hernquist, Federico Marinacci, Rüdiger Pakmor, Annelisa Pillepich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have carried out a controlled comparison of the structural and kinematic properties of the circumgalactic medium (CGM) around Milky Way mass galaxies in the Illustris and IllustrisTNG simulations. Very striking differences are found. At z = 0, gas column density and temperature profiles at large radii (~100 kpc) correlate stronglywith disc gasmass fraction in Illustris, but not in TNG. The neutral gas at large radii is preferentially aligned in the plane of the disc in TNG, whereas it is much more isotropic in Illustris. The vertical coherence scale of the rotationally supported gas in the CGM is linked to the gas mass fraction of the galaxy in Illustris, but not in TNG. A tracer particle analysis allows us to show how these differences can be understood as a consequence of the different subgrid models of feedback in the two simulations. A study of spatially matched galaxies in the two simulations shows that in TNG, feedback by supernovae and active galactic nuclei (AGNs) helps to create an extended smooth reservoir of hot gas at high redshifts, which then cools to form a thin, rotationally supported disc at later times. In Illustris, AGNs dump heat in the form of hot gas bubbles that push diffuse material at large radii out of the halo. The disc is formed by accretion of colder, recycled material, and this results in more vertically extended gas distributions above and below the Galactic plane.We conclude that variations in the structure of gas around Milky Way mass galaxies are a sensitive probe of feedback physics in simulations and are worthy of more observational consideration in future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4686-4700
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume486
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

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kinematics
galaxies
gases
gas
simulation
high temperature gases
active galactic nuclei
radii
neutral gases
temperature profiles
tracers
supernovae
halos
bubbles
comparison
heat
physics
temperature profile
probes
bubble

Keywords

  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: haloes
  • Galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

The morphology and kinematics of the gaseous circumgalactic medium of Milky Way mass galaxies - II. Comparison of IllustrisTNG and Illustris simulation results. / Kauffmann, Guinevere; Nelson, Dylan; Borthakur, Sanchayeeta; Heckman, Timothy; Hernquist, Lars; Marinacci, Federico; Pakmor, Rüdiger; Pillepich, Annelisa.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 486, No. 4, 01.07.2019, p. 4686-4700.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kauffmann, Guinevere ; Nelson, Dylan ; Borthakur, Sanchayeeta ; Heckman, Timothy ; Hernquist, Lars ; Marinacci, Federico ; Pakmor, Rüdiger ; Pillepich, Annelisa. / The morphology and kinematics of the gaseous circumgalactic medium of Milky Way mass galaxies - II. Comparison of IllustrisTNG and Illustris simulation results. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 486, No. 4. pp. 4686-4700.
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