The limits of poverty reduction in support of climate change adaptation

Donald R. Nelson, Maria Carmen Lemos, Hallie Eakin, Yun Jia Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between poverty and climate change vulnerability is complex and though not commensurate, the distinctions between the two are often blurred. There is widespread recognition of the need to better understand poverty-vulnerability dynamics in order to improve risk management and poverty reduction investments. This is challenging due to the latent nature of adaptive capacities, frequent lack of baseline data, and the need for high-resolution studies. Here we respond to these challenges by analyzing household-level data in Northeast Brazil to compare drought events 14 years apart. In the period between droughts, the government implemented an aggressive anti-poverty program that includes financial and human capital investments. Poverty declined significantly, but the expected reduction in vulnerability did not occur, in part because the households were not investing in risk management strategies. Our findings complement other research that shows that households make rational decisions that may not correspond with policymaker expectations. We emphasize the need for complementary investments to help channel increased household wealth into risk reduction, and to ensure that the public sector itself continues to prioritize the public functions of risk management, especially in areas where the social cost of climatic risk is high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number094011
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2016

Fingerprint

Climate Change
Poverty
Risk management
Climate change
poverty
Drought
Risk Management
vulnerability
Droughts
drought
Public Sector
human capital
Risk Reduction Behavior
public sector
Brazil
Economics
climate change adaptation
Costs
Costs and Cost Analysis
climate change

Keywords

  • adaptive capacity
  • drought
  • risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The limits of poverty reduction in support of climate change adaptation. / Nelson, Donald R.; Lemos, Maria Carmen; Eakin, Hallie; Lo, Yun Jia.

In: Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 11, No. 9, 094011, 07.09.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nelson, Donald R. ; Lemos, Maria Carmen ; Eakin, Hallie ; Lo, Yun Jia. / The limits of poverty reduction in support of climate change adaptation. In: Environmental Research Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 9.
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