The effect of context duration on Mandarin listeners' tone normalization

Xin Luo, Krista B. Ashmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Tone normalization has been observed in Mandarin listeners, who contrastively adjust tone recognition using context pitch cues. This study tested the effect of context duration on Mandarin tone normalization. The target tones varied from Tone 1 (high-flat) to Tone 2 (mid-rising). The preceding phrase was modified to have different durations with 160- or 200-Hz mean fundamental frequencies (F0s). The results showed that the high-F0 context elicited significantly more Tone-2 responses than the low-F0 context, even when the contexts were 125 ms. The contrastive context effect saturated with the 250-ms contexts, indicating a 250-ms critical context duration for robust tone normalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)EL109-EL115
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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