The archaeologically study of empires and imperialism in pre-hispanic central Mexico

Michael Smith, Lisa Montiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hegemonic-type empires of ancient Mesoamerica are difficult to study archaeologically because they left fewer material traces than more territorially organized empires such as the Inka or Roman cases. We present a material culture model for the identification of such empires using archaeological data. The model, based upon Michael Doyle's analytical approach to imperialism, is developed from historical and archaeological research on ancient empires from the Old World and South America. Empires can be identified from three types of evidence: characteristics of the capital city, evidence for varying types of political domination of provincial areas, and examples of the projection of influence in a larger, international context. We apply this model to archaeological data on three central Mexican cases- Tenochtitlan, Teotihuacan, and Tula. The results suggest that both Tenochtitlan and Teotihuacan ruled empires, whereas Tula did not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-284
Number of pages40
JournalJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

imperialism
Mexico
political domination
capital city
evidence
projection
Identification (control systems)
Imperialism
Prehispanic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

The archaeologically study of empires and imperialism in pre-hispanic central Mexico. / Smith, Michael; Montiel, Lisa.

In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2001, p. 245-284.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2ecafd66ad064742a0443953a166df62,
title = "The archaeologically study of empires and imperialism in pre-hispanic central Mexico",
abstract = "The hegemonic-type empires of ancient Mesoamerica are difficult to study archaeologically because they left fewer material traces than more territorially organized empires such as the Inka or Roman cases. We present a material culture model for the identification of such empires using archaeological data. The model, based upon Michael Doyle's analytical approach to imperialism, is developed from historical and archaeological research on ancient empires from the Old World and South America. Empires can be identified from three types of evidence: characteristics of the capital city, evidence for varying types of political domination of provincial areas, and examples of the projection of influence in a larger, international context. We apply this model to archaeological data on three central Mexican cases- Tenochtitlan, Teotihuacan, and Tula. The results suggest that both Tenochtitlan and Teotihuacan ruled empires, whereas Tula did not.",
author = "Michael Smith and Lisa Montiel",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1006/jaar.2000.0372",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "245--284",
journal = "Journal of Anthropological Archaeology",
issn = "0278-4165",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The archaeologically study of empires and imperialism in pre-hispanic central Mexico

AU - Smith, Michael

AU - Montiel, Lisa

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - The hegemonic-type empires of ancient Mesoamerica are difficult to study archaeologically because they left fewer material traces than more territorially organized empires such as the Inka or Roman cases. We present a material culture model for the identification of such empires using archaeological data. The model, based upon Michael Doyle's analytical approach to imperialism, is developed from historical and archaeological research on ancient empires from the Old World and South America. Empires can be identified from three types of evidence: characteristics of the capital city, evidence for varying types of political domination of provincial areas, and examples of the projection of influence in a larger, international context. We apply this model to archaeological data on three central Mexican cases- Tenochtitlan, Teotihuacan, and Tula. The results suggest that both Tenochtitlan and Teotihuacan ruled empires, whereas Tula did not.

AB - The hegemonic-type empires of ancient Mesoamerica are difficult to study archaeologically because they left fewer material traces than more territorially organized empires such as the Inka or Roman cases. We present a material culture model for the identification of such empires using archaeological data. The model, based upon Michael Doyle's analytical approach to imperialism, is developed from historical and archaeological research on ancient empires from the Old World and South America. Empires can be identified from three types of evidence: characteristics of the capital city, evidence for varying types of political domination of provincial areas, and examples of the projection of influence in a larger, international context. We apply this model to archaeological data on three central Mexican cases- Tenochtitlan, Teotihuacan, and Tula. The results suggest that both Tenochtitlan and Teotihuacan ruled empires, whereas Tula did not.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035192296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035192296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/jaar.2000.0372

DO - 10.1006/jaar.2000.0372

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0035192296

VL - 20

SP - 245

EP - 284

JO - Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

JF - Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

SN - 0278-4165

IS - 3

ER -