Syncing up for a good conversation

A clinically meaningful methodology for capturing conversational entrainment in the speech domain

Stephanie A. Borrie, Tyson S. Barrett, Megan M. Willi, Visar Berisha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Conversational entrainment, the phenomenon whereby communication partners synchronize their behavior, is considered essential for productive and fulfilling conversation. Lack of entrainment could, therefore, negatively impact conversational success. Although studied in many disciplines, entrainment has received limited attention in the field of speech-language pathology, where its implications may have direct clinical relevance. Method: A novel computational methodology, informed by expert clinical assessment of conversation, was developed to investigate conversational entrainment across multiple speech dimensions in a corpus of experimentally elicited conversations involving healthy participants. The predictive relationship between the methodology output and an objective measure of conversational success, communicative efficiency, was then examined. Results: Using a real versus sham validation procedure, we find evidence of sustained entrainment in rhythmic, articulatory, and phonatory dimensions of speech. We further validate the methodology, showing that models built on speech signal entrainment measures consistently outperform models built on nonentrained speech signal measures in predicting communicative efficiency of the conversations. Conclusions: A multidimensional, clinically meaningful methodology for capturing conversational entrainment, validated in healthy populations, has implications for disciplines such as speech-language pathology where conversational entrainment represents a critical knowledge gap in the field, as well as a potential target for remediation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-296
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

conversation
Speech-Language Pathology
methodology
pathology
Interpersonal Relations
efficiency
Healthy Volunteers
knowledge gap
language
Entrainment
Methodology
expert
Population
communication
lack
evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Syncing up for a good conversation : A clinically meaningful methodology for capturing conversational entrainment in the speech domain. / Borrie, Stephanie A.; Barrett, Tyson S.; Willi, Megan M.; Berisha, Visar.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 62, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 283-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{04733f059b754ba6a95a5a72974b494c,
title = "Syncing up for a good conversation: A clinically meaningful methodology for capturing conversational entrainment in the speech domain",
abstract = "Purpose: Conversational entrainment, the phenomenon whereby communication partners synchronize their behavior, is considered essential for productive and fulfilling conversation. Lack of entrainment could, therefore, negatively impact conversational success. Although studied in many disciplines, entrainment has received limited attention in the field of speech-language pathology, where its implications may have direct clinical relevance. Method: A novel computational methodology, informed by expert clinical assessment of conversation, was developed to investigate conversational entrainment across multiple speech dimensions in a corpus of experimentally elicited conversations involving healthy participants. The predictive relationship between the methodology output and an objective measure of conversational success, communicative efficiency, was then examined. Results: Using a real versus sham validation procedure, we find evidence of sustained entrainment in rhythmic, articulatory, and phonatory dimensions of speech. We further validate the methodology, showing that models built on speech signal entrainment measures consistently outperform models built on nonentrained speech signal measures in predicting communicative efficiency of the conversations. Conclusions: A multidimensional, clinically meaningful methodology for capturing conversational entrainment, validated in healthy populations, has implications for disciplines such as speech-language pathology where conversational entrainment represents a critical knowledge gap in the field, as well as a potential target for remediation.",
author = "Borrie, {Stephanie A.} and Barrett, {Tyson S.} and Willi, {Megan M.} and Visar Berisha",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0210",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "283--296",
journal = "Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research",
issn = "1092-4388",
publisher = "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Syncing up for a good conversation

T2 - A clinically meaningful methodology for capturing conversational entrainment in the speech domain

AU - Borrie, Stephanie A.

AU - Barrett, Tyson S.

AU - Willi, Megan M.

AU - Berisha, Visar

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Purpose: Conversational entrainment, the phenomenon whereby communication partners synchronize their behavior, is considered essential for productive and fulfilling conversation. Lack of entrainment could, therefore, negatively impact conversational success. Although studied in many disciplines, entrainment has received limited attention in the field of speech-language pathology, where its implications may have direct clinical relevance. Method: A novel computational methodology, informed by expert clinical assessment of conversation, was developed to investigate conversational entrainment across multiple speech dimensions in a corpus of experimentally elicited conversations involving healthy participants. The predictive relationship between the methodology output and an objective measure of conversational success, communicative efficiency, was then examined. Results: Using a real versus sham validation procedure, we find evidence of sustained entrainment in rhythmic, articulatory, and phonatory dimensions of speech. We further validate the methodology, showing that models built on speech signal entrainment measures consistently outperform models built on nonentrained speech signal measures in predicting communicative efficiency of the conversations. Conclusions: A multidimensional, clinically meaningful methodology for capturing conversational entrainment, validated in healthy populations, has implications for disciplines such as speech-language pathology where conversational entrainment represents a critical knowledge gap in the field, as well as a potential target for remediation.

AB - Purpose: Conversational entrainment, the phenomenon whereby communication partners synchronize their behavior, is considered essential for productive and fulfilling conversation. Lack of entrainment could, therefore, negatively impact conversational success. Although studied in many disciplines, entrainment has received limited attention in the field of speech-language pathology, where its implications may have direct clinical relevance. Method: A novel computational methodology, informed by expert clinical assessment of conversation, was developed to investigate conversational entrainment across multiple speech dimensions in a corpus of experimentally elicited conversations involving healthy participants. The predictive relationship between the methodology output and an objective measure of conversational success, communicative efficiency, was then examined. Results: Using a real versus sham validation procedure, we find evidence of sustained entrainment in rhythmic, articulatory, and phonatory dimensions of speech. We further validate the methodology, showing that models built on speech signal entrainment measures consistently outperform models built on nonentrained speech signal measures in predicting communicative efficiency of the conversations. Conclusions: A multidimensional, clinically meaningful methodology for capturing conversational entrainment, validated in healthy populations, has implications for disciplines such as speech-language pathology where conversational entrainment represents a critical knowledge gap in the field, as well as a potential target for remediation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064155969&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064155969&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0210

DO - 10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0210

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 283

EP - 296

JO - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

JF - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

SN - 1092-4388

IS - 2

ER -