Synaptic Mechanisms of Learning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Primary motor cortex is a key brain structure involved in the acquisition and performance of skilled movement. The intrinsic connectivity of motor cortex is highly adaptive, and synaptic plasticity can be induced in response to various stimulation protocols. This plasticity is thought to represent a neural mechanism by which motor skills are encoded by the nervous system. In support of this hypothesis, skill learning alters synaptic responses and increases synapse number within motor cortex in a manner that parallels changes in motor performance. This synaptic plasticity is thought to underlie the learning-dependent reorganization of movement representations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd.
Pages731-734
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EPSP
  • Intracortical microstimulation
  • LTP
  • Learning
  • Motor cortex
  • Motor maps plasticity
  • Skill learning
  • Synapse
  • Synaptogenesis
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Kleim, J. A. (2009). Synaptic Mechanisms of Learning. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 731-734). Elsevier Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01316-4