Structures of orthoborate anions and physical properties of their lithium salt nonaqueous solutions

Wu Xu, Alan J. Shusterman, Marcelo Videa, Vesselin Velikov, Robert Marzke, Charles Angell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compare the physical properties and solution conductivities of three new lithium orthoborate salts with those of the well-known salt lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI). The three new lithium salts are lithium bis(perfluoropinacolato)borate (LiBPFPB), lithium bis(oxalato)borate, and lithium bis(malonato)borate (LiBMB). Computational models of the three orthoborate anions show that the borate oxygens in BPFPB- anion are the least exposed. The oxygens are electronically identical in BPFPB- but not in the other anions. The three new lithium salts show conductivities that closely approach those of LiTFSI but show surprising and solvent-dependent orderings. The conductivity is nearly independent of the salt content in the salt concentration range of 0.5-1 M, which is advantageous for their applications. Self-diffusivity measurements for 7Li, 19F, and 1H are presented and are consistent with the very high ionic dissociation levels proposed for these salts based on other evidence. The lithium-ion transport number at room temperature for LiBPFPB in nonaqueous solutions exceeds 0.5 and for LiBMB is about 0.4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume150
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

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Lithium
Anions
Negative ions
Physical properties
Salts
lithium
physical properties
anions
salts
Borates
borates
imides
conductivity
Oxygen
lithium borates
oxygen
diffusivity
Ions
dissociation
lithium borate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Structures of orthoborate anions and physical properties of their lithium salt nonaqueous solutions. / Xu, Wu; Shusterman, Alan J.; Videa, Marcelo; Velikov, Vesselin; Marzke, Robert; Angell, Charles.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 150, No. 1, 01.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xu, Wu ; Shusterman, Alan J. ; Videa, Marcelo ; Velikov, Vesselin ; Marzke, Robert ; Angell, Charles. / Structures of orthoborate anions and physical properties of their lithium salt nonaqueous solutions. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2003 ; Vol. 150, No. 1.
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