For a graph G = (V(G), E(G)), a strong edge coloring of G is an edge coloring in which every color class is an induced matching. The strong chromatic index of G, χs (G), is the smallest number of colors in a strong edge coloring of G. The strong chromatic index of the random graph G(n, p) was considered in Discrete Math. 281 (2004) 129, Austral. J. Combin. 10 (1994) 97, Austral. J. Combin. 18 (1998) 219 and Combin. Probab. Comput. 11 (1) (2002) 103. In this paper, we consider χS(G) for a related class of graphs G known as uniform or ε-regular graphs. In particular, we prove that for 0 < ε ≪ d < 1, all (d, ε)-regular bipartite graphs G = (U ∪ V, E) with |U| = |V|≥n0(d, ε) satisfy χ s(G)≤ξ(ε)δ(G)2, where ξ(ε) → 0 as → 0 (this order of magnitude is easily seen to be best possible). Our main tool in proving this statement is a powerful packing result of Pippenger and Spencer (Combin. Theory Ser. A 51(1) (1989) 24).
- Strong chromatic index
- The regularity lemma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics