Spatial regulation of taxicab services

Measuring empty travel in New York city

David King, Juan Francisco Saldarriaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Taxicabs are ubiquitous in cities throughout the world, and the industry is going through regulatory change with the growth of app-based services. In the United States, where taxicabs are typically regulated locally, licenses determine where taxis can pick up passengers. This means that for trips that end outside of licensed boundaries taxicabs are prohibited from picking up passengers and are forced to make “deadhead” return trips. This research estimates empty taxi travel associated with spatial restrictions on passenger trip origins in New York City. In 2012, New York introduced a special taxi category intended to improve taxi access in areas of the city considered underserved by taxicabs. The new green taxicabs, as they are called, can drop off passengers anywhere in the city but are restricted from picking up passengers in the central business districts and at any of the region’s airports. Using detailed trip data for each taxi ride, we estimate that up to 500,000 kilometers per week of deadhead travel are associated with restrictions on pick up locations, and more than 20 percent of all green taxicab trips end in an area where the driver is prohibited from picking up a new passenger.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-194
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Transport and Land Use
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Taxicabs
taxis
travel
regulation
airport
license
driver
district
industry
central business district
Airports
Application programs
city
measuring
services
Industry

Keywords

  • Deadhead trips
  • Excess travel
  • Regulation
  • Taxicabs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Transportation
  • Urban Studies

Cite this

Spatial regulation of taxicab services : Measuring empty travel in New York city. / King, David; Saldarriaga, Juan Francisco.

In: Journal of Transport and Land Use, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 181-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9d6f53c5b74d41f382b0a66ec096f2da,
title = "Spatial regulation of taxicab services: Measuring empty travel in New York city",
abstract = "Taxicabs are ubiquitous in cities throughout the world, and the industry is going through regulatory change with the growth of app-based services. In the United States, where taxicabs are typically regulated locally, licenses determine where taxis can pick up passengers. This means that for trips that end outside of licensed boundaries taxicabs are prohibited from picking up passengers and are forced to make “deadhead” return trips. This research estimates empty taxi travel associated with spatial restrictions on passenger trip origins in New York City. In 2012, New York introduced a special taxi category intended to improve taxi access in areas of the city considered underserved by taxicabs. The new green taxicabs, as they are called, can drop off passengers anywhere in the city but are restricted from picking up passengers in the central business districts and at any of the region’s airports. Using detailed trip data for each taxi ride, we estimate that up to 500,000 kilometers per week of deadhead travel are associated with restrictions on pick up locations, and more than 20 percent of all green taxicab trips end in an area where the driver is prohibited from picking up a new passenger.",
keywords = "Deadhead trips, Excess travel, Regulation, Taxicabs",
author = "David King and Saldarriaga, {Juan Francisco}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5198/jtlu.2018.1063",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "181--194",
journal = "Journal of Transport and Land Use",
issn = "1938-7849",
publisher = "University of Minnesota",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial regulation of taxicab services

T2 - Measuring empty travel in New York city

AU - King, David

AU - Saldarriaga, Juan Francisco

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Taxicabs are ubiquitous in cities throughout the world, and the industry is going through regulatory change with the growth of app-based services. In the United States, where taxicabs are typically regulated locally, licenses determine where taxis can pick up passengers. This means that for trips that end outside of licensed boundaries taxicabs are prohibited from picking up passengers and are forced to make “deadhead” return trips. This research estimates empty taxi travel associated with spatial restrictions on passenger trip origins in New York City. In 2012, New York introduced a special taxi category intended to improve taxi access in areas of the city considered underserved by taxicabs. The new green taxicabs, as they are called, can drop off passengers anywhere in the city but are restricted from picking up passengers in the central business districts and at any of the region’s airports. Using detailed trip data for each taxi ride, we estimate that up to 500,000 kilometers per week of deadhead travel are associated with restrictions on pick up locations, and more than 20 percent of all green taxicab trips end in an area where the driver is prohibited from picking up a new passenger.

AB - Taxicabs are ubiquitous in cities throughout the world, and the industry is going through regulatory change with the growth of app-based services. In the United States, where taxicabs are typically regulated locally, licenses determine where taxis can pick up passengers. This means that for trips that end outside of licensed boundaries taxicabs are prohibited from picking up passengers and are forced to make “deadhead” return trips. This research estimates empty taxi travel associated with spatial restrictions on passenger trip origins in New York City. In 2012, New York introduced a special taxi category intended to improve taxi access in areas of the city considered underserved by taxicabs. The new green taxicabs, as they are called, can drop off passengers anywhere in the city but are restricted from picking up passengers in the central business districts and at any of the region’s airports. Using detailed trip data for each taxi ride, we estimate that up to 500,000 kilometers per week of deadhead travel are associated with restrictions on pick up locations, and more than 20 percent of all green taxicab trips end in an area where the driver is prohibited from picking up a new passenger.

KW - Deadhead trips

KW - Excess travel

KW - Regulation

KW - Taxicabs

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041725999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041725999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5198/jtlu.2018.1063

DO - 10.5198/jtlu.2018.1063

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 181

EP - 194

JO - Journal of Transport and Land Use

JF - Journal of Transport and Land Use

SN - 1938-7849

IS - 1

ER -