Sources of regional variation in social capital in the United States: Frontiers and pathogens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study sought to explore the contribution of a number of factors to regional variation among U.S. states in social capital with a focus on the impact of frontier settlement and levels of pathogen prevalence. As predicted, date of statehood was positively correlated with state-level scores on Putnam's social capital index, as well as generalized trust, number of group memberships, and hours spent volunteering, and parasite stress was negatively correlated with these four variables. Controlling for parasite stress eliminated or reduced the relationship between date of statehood and each of these variables, suggesting that differences in parasite stress may underlie differences between frontier and nonfrontier regions of the U.S. in terms of social capital. The relationship between parasite stress and social capital was quite robust, with parasite stress remaining a significant predictor when controlling for a number of other factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-85
Number of pages9
JournalEvolutionary Behavioral Sciences
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2014

Fingerprint

Parasites
Social Capital

Keywords

  • Culture
  • Frontiers
  • Parasite stress
  • Social capital
  • U.S

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Sources of regional variation in social capital in the United States : Frontiers and pathogens. / Varnum, Michael.

In: Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 2, 01.04.2014, p. 77-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{94f414bfb7404099b003b19013a5e56b,
title = "Sources of regional variation in social capital in the United States: Frontiers and pathogens",
abstract = "The present study sought to explore the contribution of a number of factors to regional variation among U.S. states in social capital with a focus on the impact of frontier settlement and levels of pathogen prevalence. As predicted, date of statehood was positively correlated with state-level scores on Putnam's social capital index, as well as generalized trust, number of group memberships, and hours spent volunteering, and parasite stress was negatively correlated with these four variables. Controlling for parasite stress eliminated or reduced the relationship between date of statehood and each of these variables, suggesting that differences in parasite stress may underlie differences between frontier and nonfrontier regions of the U.S. in terms of social capital. The relationship between parasite stress and social capital was quite robust, with parasite stress remaining a significant predictor when controlling for a number of other factors.",
keywords = "Culture, Frontiers, Parasite stress, Social capital, U.S",
author = "Michael Varnum",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/h0098950",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "77--85",
journal = "Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences",
issn = "2330-2925",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sources of regional variation in social capital in the United States

T2 - Frontiers and pathogens

AU - Varnum, Michael

PY - 2014/4/1

Y1 - 2014/4/1

N2 - The present study sought to explore the contribution of a number of factors to regional variation among U.S. states in social capital with a focus on the impact of frontier settlement and levels of pathogen prevalence. As predicted, date of statehood was positively correlated with state-level scores on Putnam's social capital index, as well as generalized trust, number of group memberships, and hours spent volunteering, and parasite stress was negatively correlated with these four variables. Controlling for parasite stress eliminated or reduced the relationship between date of statehood and each of these variables, suggesting that differences in parasite stress may underlie differences between frontier and nonfrontier regions of the U.S. in terms of social capital. The relationship between parasite stress and social capital was quite robust, with parasite stress remaining a significant predictor when controlling for a number of other factors.

AB - The present study sought to explore the contribution of a number of factors to regional variation among U.S. states in social capital with a focus on the impact of frontier settlement and levels of pathogen prevalence. As predicted, date of statehood was positively correlated with state-level scores on Putnam's social capital index, as well as generalized trust, number of group memberships, and hours spent volunteering, and parasite stress was negatively correlated with these four variables. Controlling for parasite stress eliminated or reduced the relationship between date of statehood and each of these variables, suggesting that differences in parasite stress may underlie differences between frontier and nonfrontier regions of the U.S. in terms of social capital. The relationship between parasite stress and social capital was quite robust, with parasite stress remaining a significant predictor when controlling for a number of other factors.

KW - Culture

KW - Frontiers

KW - Parasite stress

KW - Social capital

KW - U.S

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925448092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84925448092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/h0098950

DO - 10.1037/h0098950

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84925448092

VL - 8

SP - 77

EP - 85

JO - Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences

JF - Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences

SN - 2330-2925

IS - 2

ER -