Socially Privacy-Preserving Data Collection for Crowdsensing

Guang Yang, Zhiguo Shi, Shibo He, Junshan Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Crowdsensing has been recognized as a promising data collection paradigm, in which a platform outsources sensing tasks to a large number of users. However, requesting users to report raw data may give rise to many practical concerns, such as a significant overhead of communication and central processing, besides users' privacy concerns. In many scenarios (e.g, advertising and recommendation), the data collector directly benefits from statistical aggregation of raw data. Thus motivated, we consider the data collection problem based on user's local histograms, which is intimately related to the fundamental trade-off between the platform's accuracy and users' privacy. Because of users' social relationship, their data are often correlated, indicating that users' privacy may be leaked from others' data. To tackle this challenge, we first utilize Gaussian Markov random fields to model the correlation structure embedded in users' data. The data collection is modeled as a Stackelberg game where the platform decides its reward policy and users decide their noise levels while taking into account the social coupling among users. For the reward policy design, we first establish the relationship between users' Nash equilibrium and the payment mechanism, and then optimize the platform's accuracy under a budget constraint. Further, since the noise levels are users' private information, they may use falsified noise levels to achieve higher payoffs, which in turn impairs the crowdsensing performance. It turns out that with the insight into the correlation structure among users' data, the information asymmetry can be overcome based on peer prediction. We revisit the payment mechanism to guarantee dominant truthfulness of each user's strategy. Theoretical analysis and numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8889739
Pages (from-to)851-861
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Crowdsensing
  • data correlation
  • local histogram
  • privacy
  • social relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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