Social and configural effects on the cognitive dynamics of perspective-taking

Alexia Galati, Rick Dale, Nicholas Duran

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    How do environmental cues and social perspectives influence perspective selection? Listeners responded to instructions (e.g., “Give me the folder on the right”) from a simulated partner, selecting from two objects consistently aligned with themselves (ego-aligned; Experiment 1a) or the speaker (other-aligned; Experiment1b). In Experiment 2, listeners selected from triangular 3-object configurations whose orientation varied (ego-, other-, or neither-aligned). When the configural cue was other-aligned (consistently or inconsistently: Experiments 1b and 2), listeners were more likely to be other-centric. Other-centric responders stabilized their strategy more quickly when the cue was other-aligned, but their mouse trajectories did not exhibit facilitation (Experiment 1b vs. 1a). In Experiment 2, other-centric responders showed sensitivity to the configural cue, making longer and more complex trajectories on neither-aligned configurations. That cue also influenced how listeners interpreted the front-back terms. Our findings suggest that configural cues can promote an other-centric strategy and its stabilization, influence response dynamics selectively, and impact the interpretation of spatial language.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1-24
    Number of pages24
    JournalJournal of Memory and Language
    Volume104
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

    Fingerprint

    Cues
    listener
    experiment
    Ego
    Experiments
    Trajectories
    stabilization
    Dynamic response
    Stabilization
    Perspective Taking
    Experiment
    instruction
    Language
    interpretation
    Listeners
    language
    Trajectory

    Keywords

    • Audience design
    • Cognitive dynamics
    • Mouse-tracking
    • Perspective-taking
    • Spatial cognition
    • Spatial instructions

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
    • Language and Linguistics
    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Linguistics and Language
    • Artificial Intelligence

    Cite this

    Social and configural effects on the cognitive dynamics of perspective-taking. / Galati, Alexia; Dale, Rick; Duran, Nicholas.

    In: Journal of Memory and Language, Vol. 104, 01.02.2019, p. 1-24.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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