Single Molecule Detection

Wayne Frasch (Inventor)

Research output: Patent

Abstract

Technologies capable of rapid and sensitive detection of single biomolecules is continuously evolving, and is now beginning to emerge as a very promising new tool for precision detection and identification. Application areas span analytical chemical and biochemical fields, with high potential economic impact in the genomic analysis, drug discovery, pathogen identification and diagnostics fields. Some of the most sensitive DNA detection technologies, such as surface-enhanced Raman scattering of DNA molecules bound to metal nanoparticles still require high concentrations of DNA-reporter aggregates, and suffer from non-specific binding and long incubation times. Researchers at Arizona State University have developed a highly sensitive technique to detect target molecules. The technique utilizes a plurality of target-specific nucleic acid probes that are each complementary to a target nucleic acid, and ligation methods in combination with a molecular post and probe to detect specific targets without the need for amplification steps. Detection is accomplished using conventional methods such as fluorescence microscopy, surface plasmon resonance, gel electrophoresis etc. The technology is capable of detecting minute amounts of target molecules with high specificity very quickly. Potential Applications Single-molecule DNA detection/sequencing Genomic analysis/gene expression analysis Diagnostics/drug discovery Proteomics Biophysical/biochemical basic researchBenefits and Advantages High speed - does not require lengthy sample incubation times High sensitivity - demonstrated detection of 1800 molecules of target DNA without the use of amplification High fidelity - able to distinguish between bound target and non-specific bindingDownload original PDFFor more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Frasch's departmental webpage
Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 27 2006

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Molecules
DNA
Amplification
Nucleic Acid Probes
Metal nanoparticles
Fluorescence microscopy
Surface plasmon resonance
Biomolecules
Pathogens
Electrophoresis
Gene expression
Nucleic Acids
Raman scattering
Gels
Economics
Drug Discovery

Cite this

Frasch W, inventor. Single Molecule Detection. 2006 Jan 27.
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abstract = "Technologies capable of rapid and sensitive detection of single biomolecules is continuously evolving, and is now beginning to emerge as a very promising new tool for precision detection and identification. Application areas span analytical chemical and biochemical fields, with high potential economic impact in the genomic analysis, drug discovery, pathogen identification and diagnostics fields. Some of the most sensitive DNA detection technologies, such as surface-enhanced Raman scattering of DNA molecules bound to metal nanoparticles still require high concentrations of DNA-reporter aggregates, and suffer from non-specific binding and long incubation times. Researchers at Arizona State University have developed a highly sensitive technique to detect target molecules. The technique utilizes a plurality of target-specific nucleic acid probes that are each complementary to a target nucleic acid, and ligation methods in combination with a molecular post and probe to detect specific targets without the need for amplification steps. Detection is accomplished using conventional methods such as fluorescence microscopy, surface plasmon resonance, gel electrophoresis etc. The technology is capable of detecting minute amounts of target molecules with high specificity very quickly. Potential Applications Single-molecule DNA detection/sequencing Genomic analysis/gene expression analysis Diagnostics/drug discovery Proteomics Biophysical/biochemical basic researchBenefits and Advantages High speed - does not require lengthy sample incubation times High sensitivity - demonstrated detection of 1800 molecules of target DNA without the use of amplification High fidelity - able to distinguish between bound target and non-specific bindingDownload original PDFFor more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Frasch's departmental webpage",
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AB - Technologies capable of rapid and sensitive detection of single biomolecules is continuously evolving, and is now beginning to emerge as a very promising new tool for precision detection and identification. Application areas span analytical chemical and biochemical fields, with high potential economic impact in the genomic analysis, drug discovery, pathogen identification and diagnostics fields. Some of the most sensitive DNA detection technologies, such as surface-enhanced Raman scattering of DNA molecules bound to metal nanoparticles still require high concentrations of DNA-reporter aggregates, and suffer from non-specific binding and long incubation times. Researchers at Arizona State University have developed a highly sensitive technique to detect target molecules. The technique utilizes a plurality of target-specific nucleic acid probes that are each complementary to a target nucleic acid, and ligation methods in combination with a molecular post and probe to detect specific targets without the need for amplification steps. Detection is accomplished using conventional methods such as fluorescence microscopy, surface plasmon resonance, gel electrophoresis etc. The technology is capable of detecting minute amounts of target molecules with high specificity very quickly. Potential Applications Single-molecule DNA detection/sequencing Genomic analysis/gene expression analysis Diagnostics/drug discovery Proteomics Biophysical/biochemical basic researchBenefits and Advantages High speed - does not require lengthy sample incubation times High sensitivity - demonstrated detection of 1800 molecules of target DNA without the use of amplification High fidelity - able to distinguish between bound target and non-specific bindingDownload original PDFFor more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Frasch's departmental webpage

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