Sex differences in recipients' reactions to aid

Pamela Balls, Nancy Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether males and females differentially respond to the receipt of aid as a function of their similarity to the donor and their own chronic level of self-esteem. Female and male adults received either help from a fictitious partner or no aid. All subjects were given information that they had been paired with a partner who had an inferior, similar, or superior level of task-relevant experience. Females paired with a partner of equal experience reported greater decrements in situational self-esteem than did males. Furthermore, females who received help reported a higher level of satisfaction with the help, and in all but one of the similarity conditions, females expressed a greater need for help than did males. When self-esteem was considered, high self-esteem females paired with persons with similar experience exhibited greater decrements in mood than did other high self-esteem females; males did not differ across conditions. Implications of the obtained sex differences were discussed in relation to sex differences in help-seeking behavior and sex role stereotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalSex Roles
Volume14
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1986

Fingerprint

Sex Characteristics
self-esteem
recipient
Self Concept
need for help
experience
mood
stereotype
human being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Sex differences in recipients' reactions to aid. / Balls, Pamela; Eisenberg, Nancy.

In: Sex Roles, Vol. 14, No. 1-2, 01.1986, p. 69-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Balls, Pamela ; Eisenberg, Nancy. / Sex differences in recipients' reactions to aid. In: Sex Roles. 1986 ; Vol. 14, No. 1-2. pp. 69-79.
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