Sensitivity analysis of fleet-level life cycle carbon emissions to biofuel options and emission policy schemes for the U.S. commercial airlines

Hsun Chao, Daniel A. DeLaurentis, Buyung Agusdinata

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

There is a need for different approaches to study fleet-level impact analyses involving biofuel options, emission policy schemes, and advanced level of aircraft technologies. This paper present an approach to assess accumulative life cycle carbon emissions from 2005 to 2050 under scenarios with alternative fuels and emission policy schemes along with uncertainties on alternative biofuel sources and some economic factors. The approach centers on the combination of two tools, the Fleet-Level Environmental Evaluation Tool and MultiActor Life Cycle Assessment Biofuel Model. Two emission policy schemes: the European Union Emission Trading Scheme and the International Civil Aviation Organization Global Market-Based Measure. The simulation outcomes provides two major insights. First, the International Civil Aviation Organization Global Market-Based Measure scheme model is more likely to result in lower cumulative carbon emissions than those of European Union Emission Trading Scheme. Second, factors related to biofuel options that have strong impact on fleet-level carbon cycle emissions include biorefinery firms profitability threshold and material and energy inputs to biofuel production from camelina, corn stover, and switchgrass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105081
StatePublished - 2017
Event17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017 - Denver, United States
Duration: Jun 5 2017Jun 9 2017

Other

Other17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017
CountryUnited States
CityDenver
Period6/5/176/9/17

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Sensitivity analysis
Life cycle
Carbon
Civil aviation
Alternative fuels
Profitability
Aircraft
Economics
European Union

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Chao, H., DeLaurentis, D. A., & Agusdinata, B. (2017). Sensitivity analysis of fleet-level life cycle carbon emissions to biofuel options and emission policy schemes for the U.S. commercial airlines. In 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA.

Sensitivity analysis of fleet-level life cycle carbon emissions to biofuel options and emission policy schemes for the U.S. commercial airlines. / Chao, Hsun; DeLaurentis, Daniel A.; Agusdinata, Buyung.

17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Chao, H, DeLaurentis, DA & Agusdinata, B 2017, Sensitivity analysis of fleet-level life cycle carbon emissions to biofuel options and emission policy schemes for the U.S. commercial airlines. in 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017, Denver, United States, 6/5/17.
Chao H, DeLaurentis DA, Agusdinata B. Sensitivity analysis of fleet-level life cycle carbon emissions to biofuel options and emission policy schemes for the U.S. commercial airlines. In 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. 2017
Chao, Hsun ; DeLaurentis, Daniel A. ; Agusdinata, Buyung. / Sensitivity analysis of fleet-level life cycle carbon emissions to biofuel options and emission policy schemes for the U.S. commercial airlines. 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2017. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2017.
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