Semiconductor device scaling: Physics, transport, and the role of nanowires

D. K. Ferry, R. Akis, A. Cummings, M. J. Gilbert, S. M. Ramey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanoelectronics (including nanomagnetics and nanophotonics) generally refers to nanometer scale devices, and to circuits and architectures which are composed of these devices. Continued scaling of the devices into the nanometer range leads to enhanced information processing systems. Generally, this scaling has arisen from three major sources, one of which is reduction of the physical gate length of individual transistors. Until recently, this has also allowed an increase in the clock speed of the chip, but power considerations have halted this to levels around 4 GHz in Si. Indeed, there are indications that scaling itself may be finished by the end of this decade. Instead, there are now pushes to seek alternative materials for nano-devices that may supplement the Si CMOS in a manner that allows both higher speeds and lower power. In this paper, we will cover some of the impending limitations, and discuss some alternative approaches that may signal continued evolution of integrated circuits beyond the end of the decade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN
Pages318-323
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event2006 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN 2006 - Brisbane, Australia
Duration: Jul 3 2006Jul 6 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN

Other

Other2006 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN 2006
CountryAustralia
CityBrisbane
Period7/3/067/6/06

Keywords

  • Ballistic transport
  • Discrete impurities
  • Nanoelectronics
  • Nanowires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Ferry, D. K., Akis, R., Cummings, A., Gilbert, M. J., & Ramey, S. M. (2006). Semiconductor device scaling: Physics, transport, and the role of nanowires. In Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN (pp. 318-323). [4143396] (Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICONN.2006.340616