Self-regulation can be defined as a goal-guidance process aimed at the attainment and maintenance of personal goals. In this article three phases are distinguished in this process: (a) goal selection, setting and construal/representation; (b) active goal pursuit; and (c) goal attainment and maintenance or, when appropriate, goal disengagement. These phases are used as a structure for the present review. For each phase, assessment instruments and interventions are described. The article concludes with directions for future research concerning self-regulation assessment and interventions, including 15 intervention principles which can be used as rules of thumb for the development of interventions in chronic illness management and in health promotion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Applied Psychology