Retrospective self-reports by clients differ from original reports: Implications for the evaluation of drug treatment programs

Leona S. Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a longitudinal study, 344 drug addicts in treatment described their status at three points in time: at treatment intake, and at 2 months and 8 months after intake. At the final interview they retrospectively described their prior status at treatment entry and 2 months after treatment entry. The retrospective reports weTe systematically more negative than the original reports in such areas as illicit behavior, sources of income, and life satisfaction. The results were interpreted in terms of an impression management explanation which suggests that clients distort their early self-presentations to access desired treatment services. A consequence of having artificially elevated pretreatment measures is that even if treatment is beneficial, elevated pretreatment measures may obscure true gains during treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-788
Number of pages22
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Drug Evaluation
self-presentation
addiction
Self Report
longitudinal study
drug
income
interview
evaluation
management
Therapeutics
Drug Users
time
Longitudinal Studies
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Retrospective self-reports by clients differ from original reports : Implications for the evaluation of drug treatment programs. / Aiken, Leona S.

In: Substance Use and Misuse, Vol. 21, No. 7, 1986, p. 767-788.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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