Response problems in a vacation panel study

Christine A. Vogt, Susan I. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This paper investigates response problems encountered in a panel study of travel behavior. Though the overall response rate to the three-wave panel study was acceptable (over 60%), three types of response problems were encountered: refusal, non-response, and attrition. In a follow-up phone survey, a sample of individuals from each problem response group was questioned about their study participation and travel behavior. Results indicate that those who outright refused any participation in the study were most different from panel respondents and other partial-respondents, in terms of travel behavior. This study reveals problems that leisure researchers must address to generate high participation and response in panel studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-105
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Leisure Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Attrition
  • Longitudinal research
  • Non-response
  • Survey research
  • Travel diary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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