Relaxation time and excess entropy in viscous liquids: Electric field versus temperature as control parameter

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Abstract

On the basis of adiabatic calorimetry data and results obtained from dielectric relaxation studies in the presence of a high static electric field, the effects of temperature and electric field induced changes of the excess entropy are compared for the same sample: supercooled cresolphthalein dimethylether. A field induced reduction of the excess entropy by 45 mJ K−1 mol−1 at constant temperature increases the structural relaxation time by 0.75%, while the same entropy change originating from lowering the temperature at constant field increases the time constant by 3.5%. Therefore, there is no simple link connecting excess entropy and relaxation time that is independent of the control parameter that is used to modify the entropy. A consequence is that the Adam-Gibbs approach does not provide a quantitative prediction for how the dynamics of liquids depend on the electric field, and, more generally, on excess entropy. This work compares the dynamics for temperature versus field induced changes of isobaric excess entropy, thereby eliminating previous uncertainties arising from isochoric versus isobaric conditions and from unknown relations between thermodynamic, excess, and configurational entropies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064501
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume146
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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