Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing

Bruce Budowle, Paolo Garofano, Andreas Hellman, Melba Ketchum, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Walther Parson, Wim Van Haeringen, Steve Fain, Tom Broad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genetic analysis in animals has been used for many applications, such as kinship analysis, for determining the sire of an offspring when a female has been exposed to multiple males, determining parentage when an animal switches offspring with another dam, extended lineage reconstruction, estimating inbreeding, identification in breed registries, and speciation. It now also is being used increasingly to characterize animal materials in forensic cases. As such, it is important to operate under a set of minimum guidelines that assures that all service providers have a template to follow for quality practices. None have been delineated for animal genetic identity testing. Based on the model for human DNA forensic analyses, a basic discussion of the issues and guidelines is provided for animal testing to include analytical practices, data evaluation, nomenclature, allele designation, statistics, validation, proficiency testing, lineage markers, casework files, and reporting. These should provide a basis for professional societies and/or working groups to establish more formalized recommendations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-302
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Legal Medicine
Volume119
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

animal
DNA
Guidelines
casework
Inbreeding
Genetic Testing
working group
Pedigree
kinship
Terminology
service provider
Registries
data analysis
reconstruction
Alleles
statistics
society

Keywords

  • Animal genetics
  • DNA typing
  • Forensic science
  • Guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

Budowle, B., Garofano, P., Hellman, A., Ketchum, M., Kanthaswamy, S., Parson, W., ... Broad, T. (2005). Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 119(5), 295-302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-005-0545-9

Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing. / Budowle, Bruce; Garofano, Paolo; Hellman, Andreas; Ketchum, Melba; Kanthaswamy, Sreetharan; Parson, Walther; Van Haeringen, Wim; Fain, Steve; Broad, Tom.

In: International Journal of Legal Medicine, Vol. 119, No. 5, 09.2005, p. 295-302.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Budowle, B, Garofano, P, Hellman, A, Ketchum, M, Kanthaswamy, S, Parson, W, Van Haeringen, W, Fain, S & Broad, T 2005, 'Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing', International Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 119, no. 5, pp. 295-302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-005-0545-9
Budowle, Bruce ; Garofano, Paolo ; Hellman, Andreas ; Ketchum, Melba ; Kanthaswamy, Sreetharan ; Parson, Walther ; Van Haeringen, Wim ; Fain, Steve ; Broad, Tom. / Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing. In: International Journal of Legal Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 119, No. 5. pp. 295-302.
@article{57b6d7d5701c44639413a0f26a8fea2b,
title = "Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing",
abstract = "Genetic analysis in animals has been used for many applications, such as kinship analysis, for determining the sire of an offspring when a female has been exposed to multiple males, determining parentage when an animal switches offspring with another dam, extended lineage reconstruction, estimating inbreeding, identification in breed registries, and speciation. It now also is being used increasingly to characterize animal materials in forensic cases. As such, it is important to operate under a set of minimum guidelines that assures that all service providers have a template to follow for quality practices. None have been delineated for animal genetic identity testing. Based on the model for human DNA forensic analyses, a basic discussion of the issues and guidelines is provided for animal testing to include analytical practices, data evaluation, nomenclature, allele designation, statistics, validation, proficiency testing, lineage markers, casework files, and reporting. These should provide a basis for professional societies and/or working groups to establish more formalized recommendations.",
keywords = "Animal genetics, DNA typing, Forensic science, Guidelines",
author = "Bruce Budowle and Paolo Garofano and Andreas Hellman and Melba Ketchum and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and Walther Parson and {Van Haeringen}, Wim and Steve Fain and Tom Broad",
year = "2005",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1007/s00414-005-0545-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "119",
pages = "295--302",
journal = "International Journal of Legal Medicine",
issn = "0937-9827",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing

AU - Budowle, Bruce

AU - Garofano, Paolo

AU - Hellman, Andreas

AU - Ketchum, Melba

AU - Kanthaswamy, Sreetharan

AU - Parson, Walther

AU - Van Haeringen, Wim

AU - Fain, Steve

AU - Broad, Tom

PY - 2005/9

Y1 - 2005/9

N2 - Genetic analysis in animals has been used for many applications, such as kinship analysis, for determining the sire of an offspring when a female has been exposed to multiple males, determining parentage when an animal switches offspring with another dam, extended lineage reconstruction, estimating inbreeding, identification in breed registries, and speciation. It now also is being used increasingly to characterize animal materials in forensic cases. As such, it is important to operate under a set of minimum guidelines that assures that all service providers have a template to follow for quality practices. None have been delineated for animal genetic identity testing. Based on the model for human DNA forensic analyses, a basic discussion of the issues and guidelines is provided for animal testing to include analytical practices, data evaluation, nomenclature, allele designation, statistics, validation, proficiency testing, lineage markers, casework files, and reporting. These should provide a basis for professional societies and/or working groups to establish more formalized recommendations.

AB - Genetic analysis in animals has been used for many applications, such as kinship analysis, for determining the sire of an offspring when a female has been exposed to multiple males, determining parentage when an animal switches offspring with another dam, extended lineage reconstruction, estimating inbreeding, identification in breed registries, and speciation. It now also is being used increasingly to characterize animal materials in forensic cases. As such, it is important to operate under a set of minimum guidelines that assures that all service providers have a template to follow for quality practices. None have been delineated for animal genetic identity testing. Based on the model for human DNA forensic analyses, a basic discussion of the issues and guidelines is provided for animal testing to include analytical practices, data evaluation, nomenclature, allele designation, statistics, validation, proficiency testing, lineage markers, casework files, and reporting. These should provide a basis for professional societies and/or working groups to establish more formalized recommendations.

KW - Animal genetics

KW - DNA typing

KW - Forensic science

KW - Guidelines

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=24344503394&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=24344503394&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00414-005-0545-9

DO - 10.1007/s00414-005-0545-9

M3 - Article

VL - 119

SP - 295

EP - 302

JO - International Journal of Legal Medicine

JF - International Journal of Legal Medicine

SN - 0937-9827

IS - 5

ER -