Reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent males: Examining differential outcomes 10 years later in erarly adulthood

Paula J. Fite, Adrian Raine, Magda Stouthamer-Loeber, Rolf Loeber, Dustin A. Pardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is limited knowledge about the unique relations between adolescent reactive and proactive aggression and later psychosocial adjustment in early adulthood. Accordingly, this study prospectively examined associations between adolescent (mean age = 16) reactive and proactive aggression and psychopathic features, antisocial behavior, negative emotionality, and substance use measured 10 years later in early adulthood (mean age = 26). Study questions were examined in a longitudinal sample of 335 adolescent males. Path analyses indicate that after controlling for the stability of the outcome and the overlap between the two subtypes of aggression, reactive aggression is uniquely associated with negative emotionality, specifically anxiety, in adulthood. In contrast, proactive aggression is uniquely associated with measures of adult psychopathic features and antisocial behavior in adulthood. Both reactive and proactive aggression uniquely predicted substance use in adulthood, but the substances varied by subtype of aggression. Implications for findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-157
Number of pages17
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Internalizing problems
  • Longitudinal
  • Proactive aggression
  • Psychopathy
  • Reactive aggression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

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