Quark imaging in the proton via quantum phase-space distributions

Andrei Belitsky, Xiangdong Ji, Feng Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

227 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We develop the concept of quantum phase-space (Wigner) distributions for quarks and gluons in the proton. To appreciate their physical content, we analyze the contraints from special relativity on the interpretation of elastic form factors, and examine the physics of the Feynman parton distributions in the proton's rest frame. We relate the quark Wigner functions to the transverse-momentum dependent parton distributions and generalized parton distributions, emphasizing the physical role of the skewness parameter. We show that the Wigner functions allow us to visualize quantum quarks and gluons using the language of classical phase space. We present two examples of the quark Wigner distributions and point out some model-independent features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number074014
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume69
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

quarks
protons
partons
gluons
skewness
transverse momentum
form factors
relativity
physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Quark imaging in the proton via quantum phase-space distributions. / Belitsky, Andrei; Ji, Xiangdong; Yuan, Feng.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 69, No. 7, 074014, 2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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