The one-dimensional dopant profile of a silicon p-n junction was characterized using off-axis electron holography in a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Quantitative comparisons were made with simulated voltage profiles based on data obtained from secondary-ion mass spectroscopy. Close agreement was obtained over a range of sample thicknesses, and a spatial resolution of 5 nm and sensitivity of 0.1 V were established. By using a sample that had been wedge polished and briefly ion milled, depleted surface layers did not need to be taken into account, and beam-induced charging was removed by carbon coating one exposed surface of the TEM specimen.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)