Purification and partial characterization of the multicomponent dextranase complex of Streptococcus sobrinus and cloning of the dextranase gene

J. F. Barrett, T. A. Barrett, R. Curtiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presense of proteases in culture supernatant fluids and on the cell surface of Streptococcus sobrinus and the aggregation of multicomponent enzyme complexes make the isolation and characterization of cell surface proteins difficult. We report a simple purification procedure for dextranase and the cloning of the dextranase structural gene. S. sobrinus culture supernatant fluids were precipitated with 70% ammonium sulfate, and the precipitate was dialyzed against sodium acetate buffer and loaded onto a hemoglobin-Sepharose 4B column connected to a blue dextran-agarose column at 4°C. After being washed with low concentrations of salt, the dextranase and the dextran-binding proteins were eluted with 5 M KI and further purified by gel filtration. Two dextranases (molecular weights, 175,000 and 160,000) were purified and partially characterized. The structural gene for the dextranase of S. sobrinus 6715 strain UAB66, serotype g, was cloned into the cosmid vector, pHC79. Clones were selected for expression of dextranase activity by detection of zones of enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of a blue dextran substrate incorporated into minimal medium agar plates. Release of dextranase was achieved by induction of thermoinducible, excision-defective Escherichia coli K-12 lysogens containing recombinant cosmid molecules of S. sobrinus DNA. Recombinant cosmid molecules were repackaged simultaneously into infectious lambdoid particles. Recombinant clones expressing dextranase activity which varied in size from the high-molecular-weight protein produced by S. sobrinus (i.e., 175,000) to lower-molecular-weight forms expressed by S. sobrinus have been identified and partially characterized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-802
Number of pages11
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume55
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dextranase
Streptococcus sobrinus
Organism Cloning
Cosmids
Genes
Molecular Weight
Sepharose
Clone Cells
Sodium Acetate
Protein S
Ammonium Sulfate
Enzymes
Dextrans
Agar
Gel Chromatography
Carrier Proteins
Buffers
Membrane Proteins
Hemoglobins
Hydrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Purification and partial characterization of the multicomponent dextranase complex of Streptococcus sobrinus and cloning of the dextranase gene. / Barrett, J. F.; Barrett, T. A.; Curtiss, R.

In: Infection and Immunity, Vol. 55, No. 3, 1987, p. 792-802.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{913472259fca4cd2817e6da468669f5c,
title = "Purification and partial characterization of the multicomponent dextranase complex of Streptococcus sobrinus and cloning of the dextranase gene",
abstract = "The presense of proteases in culture supernatant fluids and on the cell surface of Streptococcus sobrinus and the aggregation of multicomponent enzyme complexes make the isolation and characterization of cell surface proteins difficult. We report a simple purification procedure for dextranase and the cloning of the dextranase structural gene. S. sobrinus culture supernatant fluids were precipitated with 70{\%} ammonium sulfate, and the precipitate was dialyzed against sodium acetate buffer and loaded onto a hemoglobin-Sepharose 4B column connected to a blue dextran-agarose column at 4°C. After being washed with low concentrations of salt, the dextranase and the dextran-binding proteins were eluted with 5 M KI and further purified by gel filtration. Two dextranases (molecular weights, 175,000 and 160,000) were purified and partially characterized. The structural gene for the dextranase of S. sobrinus 6715 strain UAB66, serotype g, was cloned into the cosmid vector, pHC79. Clones were selected for expression of dextranase activity by detection of zones of enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of a blue dextran substrate incorporated into minimal medium agar plates. Release of dextranase was achieved by induction of thermoinducible, excision-defective Escherichia coli K-12 lysogens containing recombinant cosmid molecules of S. sobrinus DNA. Recombinant cosmid molecules were repackaged simultaneously into infectious lambdoid particles. Recombinant clones expressing dextranase activity which varied in size from the high-molecular-weight protein produced by S. sobrinus (i.e., 175,000) to lower-molecular-weight forms expressed by S. sobrinus have been identified and partially characterized.",
author = "Barrett, {J. F.} and Barrett, {T. A.} and R. Curtiss",
year = "1987",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "792--802",
journal = "Infection and Immunity",
issn = "0019-9567",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Purification and partial characterization of the multicomponent dextranase complex of Streptococcus sobrinus and cloning of the dextranase gene

AU - Barrett, J. F.

AU - Barrett, T. A.

AU - Curtiss, R.

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - The presense of proteases in culture supernatant fluids and on the cell surface of Streptococcus sobrinus and the aggregation of multicomponent enzyme complexes make the isolation and characterization of cell surface proteins difficult. We report a simple purification procedure for dextranase and the cloning of the dextranase structural gene. S. sobrinus culture supernatant fluids were precipitated with 70% ammonium sulfate, and the precipitate was dialyzed against sodium acetate buffer and loaded onto a hemoglobin-Sepharose 4B column connected to a blue dextran-agarose column at 4°C. After being washed with low concentrations of salt, the dextranase and the dextran-binding proteins were eluted with 5 M KI and further purified by gel filtration. Two dextranases (molecular weights, 175,000 and 160,000) were purified and partially characterized. The structural gene for the dextranase of S. sobrinus 6715 strain UAB66, serotype g, was cloned into the cosmid vector, pHC79. Clones were selected for expression of dextranase activity by detection of zones of enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of a blue dextran substrate incorporated into minimal medium agar plates. Release of dextranase was achieved by induction of thermoinducible, excision-defective Escherichia coli K-12 lysogens containing recombinant cosmid molecules of S. sobrinus DNA. Recombinant cosmid molecules were repackaged simultaneously into infectious lambdoid particles. Recombinant clones expressing dextranase activity which varied in size from the high-molecular-weight protein produced by S. sobrinus (i.e., 175,000) to lower-molecular-weight forms expressed by S. sobrinus have been identified and partially characterized.

AB - The presense of proteases in culture supernatant fluids and on the cell surface of Streptococcus sobrinus and the aggregation of multicomponent enzyme complexes make the isolation and characterization of cell surface proteins difficult. We report a simple purification procedure for dextranase and the cloning of the dextranase structural gene. S. sobrinus culture supernatant fluids were precipitated with 70% ammonium sulfate, and the precipitate was dialyzed against sodium acetate buffer and loaded onto a hemoglobin-Sepharose 4B column connected to a blue dextran-agarose column at 4°C. After being washed with low concentrations of salt, the dextranase and the dextran-binding proteins were eluted with 5 M KI and further purified by gel filtration. Two dextranases (molecular weights, 175,000 and 160,000) were purified and partially characterized. The structural gene for the dextranase of S. sobrinus 6715 strain UAB66, serotype g, was cloned into the cosmid vector, pHC79. Clones were selected for expression of dextranase activity by detection of zones of enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of a blue dextran substrate incorporated into minimal medium agar plates. Release of dextranase was achieved by induction of thermoinducible, excision-defective Escherichia coli K-12 lysogens containing recombinant cosmid molecules of S. sobrinus DNA. Recombinant cosmid molecules were repackaged simultaneously into infectious lambdoid particles. Recombinant clones expressing dextranase activity which varied in size from the high-molecular-weight protein produced by S. sobrinus (i.e., 175,000) to lower-molecular-weight forms expressed by S. sobrinus have been identified and partially characterized.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023147615&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023147615&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 3546141

AN - SCOPUS:0023147615

VL - 55

SP - 792

EP - 802

JO - Infection and Immunity

JF - Infection and Immunity

SN - 0019-9567

IS - 3

ER -