Abstract

Here we present the framework of a new approach to assessing the capacity of research programs to achieve social goals. Research evaluation has made great strides in addressing questions of scientific and economic impacts. It has largely avoided, however, a more important challenge: assessing (prospectively or retrospectively) the impacts of a given research endeavor on the non-scientific, non-economic goals-what we here term "public values"-that often are the core public rationale for the endeavor. Research programs are typically justified in terms of their capacity to achieve public values, and that articulation of public values is pervasive in science policy-making. We outline the elements of a case-based approach to "public value mapping" of science policy, with a particular focus on developing useful criteria and methods for assessing "public value failure," with an intent to provide an alternative to "market failure" thinking that has been so powerful in science policy-making. So long as research evaluation avoids the problem of public values, science policy decision makers will have little help from social science in making choices among competing paths to desired social outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalMinerva
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

science policy
evaluation
Values
evaluation research
market failure
economic impact
decision maker
social science

Keywords

  • Market failure
  • Public values
  • Research choice
  • Research evaluation
  • Science policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Public Value Mapping and Science Policy Evaluation. / Bozeman, Barry; Sarewitz, Daniel.

In: Minerva, Vol. 49, No. 1, 03.2011, p. 1-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1ca3d292953b41a694d0231857342898,
title = "Public Value Mapping and Science Policy Evaluation",
abstract = "Here we present the framework of a new approach to assessing the capacity of research programs to achieve social goals. Research evaluation has made great strides in addressing questions of scientific and economic impacts. It has largely avoided, however, a more important challenge: assessing (prospectively or retrospectively) the impacts of a given research endeavor on the non-scientific, non-economic goals-what we here term {"}public values{"}-that often are the core public rationale for the endeavor. Research programs are typically justified in terms of their capacity to achieve public values, and that articulation of public values is pervasive in science policy-making. We outline the elements of a case-based approach to {"}public value mapping{"} of science policy, with a particular focus on developing useful criteria and methods for assessing {"}public value failure,{"} with an intent to provide an alternative to {"}market failure{"} thinking that has been so powerful in science policy-making. So long as research evaluation avoids the problem of public values, science policy decision makers will have little help from social science in making choices among competing paths to desired social outcomes.",
keywords = "Market failure, Public values, Research choice, Research evaluation, Science policy",
author = "Barry Bozeman and Daniel Sarewitz",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s11024-011-9161-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "1--23",
journal = "Minerva",
issn = "0026-4695",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Public Value Mapping and Science Policy Evaluation

AU - Bozeman, Barry

AU - Sarewitz, Daniel

PY - 2011/3

Y1 - 2011/3

N2 - Here we present the framework of a new approach to assessing the capacity of research programs to achieve social goals. Research evaluation has made great strides in addressing questions of scientific and economic impacts. It has largely avoided, however, a more important challenge: assessing (prospectively or retrospectively) the impacts of a given research endeavor on the non-scientific, non-economic goals-what we here term "public values"-that often are the core public rationale for the endeavor. Research programs are typically justified in terms of their capacity to achieve public values, and that articulation of public values is pervasive in science policy-making. We outline the elements of a case-based approach to "public value mapping" of science policy, with a particular focus on developing useful criteria and methods for assessing "public value failure," with an intent to provide an alternative to "market failure" thinking that has been so powerful in science policy-making. So long as research evaluation avoids the problem of public values, science policy decision makers will have little help from social science in making choices among competing paths to desired social outcomes.

AB - Here we present the framework of a new approach to assessing the capacity of research programs to achieve social goals. Research evaluation has made great strides in addressing questions of scientific and economic impacts. It has largely avoided, however, a more important challenge: assessing (prospectively or retrospectively) the impacts of a given research endeavor on the non-scientific, non-economic goals-what we here term "public values"-that often are the core public rationale for the endeavor. Research programs are typically justified in terms of their capacity to achieve public values, and that articulation of public values is pervasive in science policy-making. We outline the elements of a case-based approach to "public value mapping" of science policy, with a particular focus on developing useful criteria and methods for assessing "public value failure," with an intent to provide an alternative to "market failure" thinking that has been so powerful in science policy-making. So long as research evaluation avoids the problem of public values, science policy decision makers will have little help from social science in making choices among competing paths to desired social outcomes.

KW - Market failure

KW - Public values

KW - Research choice

KW - Research evaluation

KW - Science policy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79953037644&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79953037644&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11024-011-9161-7

DO - 10.1007/s11024-011-9161-7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79953037644

VL - 49

SP - 1

EP - 23

JO - Minerva

JF - Minerva

SN - 0026-4695

IS - 1

ER -